UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY

Thảo luận trong 'Tài liệu học thuật tiếng Anh lớp 11' bắt đầu bởi phuongdaitt1, 24 Tháng một 2019.

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    Hôm nay đội mình đá banh với Nhật Bản nhỉ :D
    I. Vocabulary:
    A. READING
    alternative (a) thay thế
    at the same time (exp) cùng lúc đó
    available (a) sẵn có
    balloon (n) bong bóng
    coal (n) than đá
    cost (v) tốn (tiền)
    dam (n) đập (ngăn nước)
    electricity (n) điện
    energy (n) năng lượng
    exhausted (a) cạn kiệt
    fossil fuel (n) nhiên liệu hóa thạch
    geothermal heat (n) địa nhiệt
    infinite (a) vô hạn
    make use of (exp) tận dụng
    nuclear energy (a) năng lượng hạt nhân
    oil (n) dầu
    plentiful (a) nhiều
    pollution (n) sự ô nhiễm
    power demand (n) nhu cầu sử dụng điện
    release (v) phóng ra
    reserve (n) trữ lượng
    roof (n) mái nhà
    safe (a) an toàn
    sailboat (n) thuyền buồm
    save (v) tiết kiệm
    solar energy (n) năng lượng mặt trời
    solar panel (n) tấm thu năng lượng mặt trời
    wave (n) sóng (nước)
    windmill (n) cối xay gió

    B. SPEAKING
    abundant (a) dồi dào, phong phú
    convenient (a) tiện lợi
    enormous (a) to lớn, khổng lồ
    harmful (a) có hại
    hydroelectricity (n) thủy điện
    nuclear reactor (n) phản ứng hạt nhân
    radiation (n) phóng xạ
    renewable (a) có thể thay thế
    run out (v) cạn kiệt
    relatively (adv) : tương đối

    C. LISTENING
    ecologist (n) nhà sinh thái học
    ecology (n) sinh thái học
    fertilize (v) bón phân
    grass (n) cỏ
    land (n) đất
    ocean (n) đại dương
    petroleum (n) dầu hỏa, dầu mỏ
    replace (v) thay thế
    non-renewable resources (n) tài nguyên không thể tái tạo được
    researcher (n) :nhà nghiên cứu

    D. WRITING
    as can be seen (exp) có thể thấy
    chart (n) biểu đồ
    consumption (n) sự tiêu thụ
    follow (v) theo sau
    make up (v) chiếm (số lượng)
    show (v) chỉ ra
    total (a) toàn bộ

    E. LANGUAGE FOCUS
    apartment (n) căn hộ
    cancer (n) ung thư
    catch (v) bắt được
    cause (n) nguyên nhân
    conduct (v) tiến hành
    experiment (n) cuộc thí nghiệm
    extraordinary (a) lạ thường
    fence (n) hàng rào
    locate (v) nằm ở
    overlook (v) nhìn ra
    park (n) công viên
    photograph (n) bức hình
    present (v) trình bày
    progress (n) sự tiến triển
    publish (v) xuất bản
    reach (v) đạt tới
    research (v) nghiên cứu
    surround (v) bao quanh

    II.Grammar
    Phần này giống với 1 điểm ngữ pháp đã được học ở lớp 8
    Mọi người cùng xem lại ở đây nhé

    https://diendan.hocmai.vn/threads/unit-11-travelling-around-vietnam.733818/
    Thêm 1 điểm đáng quan trọng nữa
    Danh từ mà mệnh đề quan hệ bổ nghĩa cho có các từ sau đây đứng trước: first, last, only, second… hoặc dạng so sánh nhất có thể bỏ đại từ quan hệ, trợ động từ/to be, và động từ được chuyển thành dạng nguyên thể
    Ví dụ: Ginnifer is the only woman who can do it well.
    => Ginnifer is the only woman to do it well.
    Bài tập:
    II. Complete the sentence with the correct form of the verb in the box.
    exhaust release alternate research relate
    supply renew pollute harm finite
    1. Coal, gas and oil are _____ forms of energy that can not be replaced after used.
    2. The nuclear plant provides a fifth of the nation's energy _____.
    3. Solar energy is not only plentiful and _____ but also clean and safe.
    4. Increased consumption will lead to faster _____ of our natural resources.
    5. Electricity companies were criticized for failing to develop _____ energy sources.
    6. Oxygen from the water is ____ into the atmosphere.
    7. Fossil fuels will be exhausted within a ____ short time.
    8. How to make full use of these sources of energy is a question for _____ all over the world.
    9. These pesticides are environmentally _____.
    10. Water power provides energy without ______.
    III. Replace the relative clauses by an infinitive or infinitive phrase.
    1. He was the first man who left the burning building.

    2. The last person who leaves the room must turn out the lights.

    3. The child is lonely; he would be happier if he had someone that he could play with.

    4. Here are some accounts that you must check.

    5. My brother is the only one who realized the danger.

    6. The Queen Elizabeth is the largest ship which has been built on the Clyde.

    7. We had a river in which we could swim.

    8. She said that she wasn't going to buy any cards; she hadn't anyone to whom she could send cards.

    9. Neil Armstrong was the first man who walked on the .

    10. The fifth man who was interviewed was entirely unsuitable.

    11. I wish we had a garden that my children could play in.

    12. I have some homework that I must do tonight.

    13. Have you brought a book that Kevin can read?

    14. She is the only woman who was appointed to the board.

    15. The floor is dusty but I haven't got a brush that I can sweep it with.

    IV. Change all of the adjective clauses to adjective phrases. Use the participles.
    1. Only a few of the movie that are shown at the Gray Theater are suitable for children.

    2. The couples who live in the house next door are both college professors.

    3. A knuckle is a point that connects a finger to the rest of the hand.

    4. Antarctica is covered by a huge ice cap that contains 70 percent of the earth's fresh water.

    5. Only a small fraction of the eggs that are' laid by a fish actually hatch and survive to adulthood.

    6. Our solar system is in a galaxy that is called the Milky Way.

    7. None of the pedestrians who were walking up and down the busy street stopped to help the elderly man who was slumped in the door way.

    8. Food that passes from the mouth to the stomach goes through a tube which is called the esophagus.

    9. Animals that are born in a zoo generally adjust to captivity better than those that are captured in the wild.

    10. The children attended a special movie program that consisted of cartoons that featured Donald Duck and Mickey Mouse.

    11. The Indians who lived in Peru before the discovery of the New World by Europeans belonged to the Incan culture.

    12. I was awakened by the sound of laughter which came from the room which was next to mine at the motel.

    V. Complete the sentences with -ing, -ed, being + -ed or to-infinitive form of these verbs.
    build - drive -educate - elect - flow- travel - introduce - need-
    print - say - tell off - give - write - win -appear
    1. The man _____ the bus is my brother.
    2. I went to a reunion for students _____ in the physics department during the 1980s.
    3. As my aunt told me what she thought, I felt like a schoolboy _____ by his headmaster.
    4. There is a sign on the gate _____ 'Entry forbidden'.
    5. Emma Thompson is the most famous actress _____ on stage here,
    6. Across the river were some of the deer ______ into the park in the 19th century.
    7. Rivers _____ into Baltic Sea are much cleaner now than ten years ago.
    8. New Zealand was the first country _____ women the vote.
    9. The booklets ______ as we speak will be on sale later this afternoon,
    10. Anyone ______ further information can see me in my office.
    11. The guest on our show is the youngest golfer _____ the Open.
    12. Mary O'Brien, the Democrat _____ to the council only last week, has resigned.
    13. We live in a house _____ in 1906.
    14. Any passengers _____ to Cambridge should sit in the first two carriages of the train.
    15. Melanie was the only person _____ a letter of thanks.

    VI. Change the adjective clauses to adjective phrases.
    1. We visited Madrid, which is the capital of Spain.

    2. Astronomy, which is the study of planets and stars, is one of the world's oldest sciences.

    3. Jasmine, which is a viny plant with fragrant flowers, grows only in warm places.

    4. Arizona, which was once though to be a useless desert, is today a rapid growing industrial and agricultural state.

    5. Simon Bolivar, who was a great. South American general, led the fight for independence early in the 19th century.

    6. Few tourists ever see a jaguar, which is a spotted wild cat that is native to tropical America.

    7. Nero, who was Emperor of Rome from AD 54 to 68, is believed to have murdered both his mother and his wife.

    8. In hot weather, many people enjoy lemonate, which is a drink that is made from lemon juice, water, and sugar.

    9. My uncle Elias, who is a restaurant owner, often buy fish and shellfish from boats that are docked at the local pier.

    10. Honolulu, which is best known to the travelers for Waikiki Beach, has consistently pleasant weather.

    VII. Write the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one. (Tổng hợp)
    1. She refuse to answer, which was disappointing.
    Her
    2. I have not seen a more wonderful building anywhere.
    Nowhere
    3. It is disappointing that we haven't heard from Molly.
    We are
    4. 'Well done, I'm so glad you've passed your exam."
    I congratulated
    5. Somebody really ought to look into this problem further.
    This problem
    6. Nobody has paid for the tickets, have they?
    The tickets
    7. If I hadn't examined the photograph myself, I would have thought it was a fake
    Had
    8. Tom arrived late and started complaining.
    Not only
    9. Smuggling pets is a serious offense, because there is a danger of rabies.
    Because of
    10. I wish I could play tennis really well.
    I'd like
     
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