Ngoại ngữ Tổng hợp các idioms thường gặp trong đề thi THPTQG

Thảo luận trong 'Thảo luận - Chia sẻ chung' bắt đầu bởi Kỳ Thư, 6 Tháng tư 2020.

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  1. Kỳ Thư

    Kỳ Thư Học sinh chăm học Thành viên

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    Trường THPT Số 1 An Nhơn
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    PART 2
    : sát sao , rất sát.
    Ex: I got to the airport a few minutes late and missed the plane by the skin of my teeth.
    26. PULL SOMEONE’S LEG : chọc ai .
    Ex: You don’t mean that . You’re just pulling my leg.
    Ex: It strikes as a strange to me that he failed the exam because he is so smart and diligent a student.
    28. TAKE IT AMISS : hiểu lầm.
    Ex: Would you take it amiss if I told you I thought you look lovely ? I was afraid you’d take it the wrong way.
    29. HIGH AND LOW = HERE AND THERE: everywhere.
    Ex: I have been searching high and low for the gift I bought for my girlfriend.
    30. THE MORE, THE MERRIER: càng đông càng vui.
    Ex: Can I bring some friends with me ? Yeah sure , the more , the merrier.
    31.SPICK AND SPAN: ngăn nắp gọn gàng .
    Ex: He is always spick and span.
    32. EVERY NOW AND THEN: sometimes
    Ex: Every now and then , he clean the surface of laptop .
    33. PART AND PARCEL: thiết yếu , quan trọng
    Ex: Keeping the account is part and parcel of my job.
    34. GO TO ONE’S HEAD: khiến ai kiêu ngạo.
    Ex: Too much money will go to her head.
    35. ONCE IN A BLUE : rất hiếm.
    Ex: Once in a blue , I stop thinking about her. If only she knew how much I loved her.
    36. FEW AND FAR BETWEEN: hiếm gặp.
    Ex: Go and tell her that you love her! That kind of girl is really few and far between.
    37. ON THE SPOT : (1) ngay lập tức
    Ex: I expect you to be on the spot when and where trouble arises.
    (2) gặp rắc rối
    Ex: I hate to be on the spot when it’s not my fault.
    38. ON THE VERGE OF = ON THE BRINK OF = IN THE EDGE OF : trên bờ vực ( hãy cẩn thận với giới từ “on” và “in” )
    Ex: Unless we take measures to protect tigers , they will be on the verge of extinction.
    39. IT NEVER RAINS BUT IT POURS: họa vô đơn chí ( tức là điều tốt sẽ chỉ đến một hai lần tuy nhiên điều xấu có thể xảy ra trong vô hạn )
    Ex: First of allit was the car breaking down , then the fire in the kitchen and now Mike’s accident . All I can say in this situation is: “ It never rains but it pours”.
    40. BE ON THE WAGON: kiêng rượu.
    Ex: Bob’s old drinking buddies complained that he was no fun when he went on the wagon.
    41. LED SOMEBODY BY THE NOSE: nắm đầu , dắt mũi ai.
    Ex: They simply didn’t know what they were doing and they were led by the nose by a manipulative government.
    42. AT THE ELEVENTH HOUR : vào phút chót.
    Ex: She always turned her term paper in at the eleventh hour.
    43. SELL/ GO LIKE HOT CAKES: bán đắt như tôm tươi.
    Ex: The book has only just been published and copies are already selling like hot cakes in both Britain and America.
    44. FIND FAULT WITH: chỉ trích , kiếm chuyện , bắt lỗi.
    Ex: It is very easy to find fault with the work others.
    45. OFF AND ON / ON AND OFF: không đều đặn , thỉnh thoảng.
    Ex: We don’t often go there - just off and on.
    46. MAKE BELIEVE: giả bộ , giả vờ.
    Ex: I tried to make believe she was happy , but knew deep down it was not true.
    47. MAKE GOOD TIME: di chuyển nhanh , đi nhanh.
    Ex: We made good time and were at the hotel by lunch time.
    48. LOOK DAGGERS AT SOMEONE: giận dữ nhìn ai đó.
    Ex: Their relationship is not free and easy but at least he is no longer looking daggers at her.
    49. ALL AT ONCE: bất thình lình.
    Ex: All at once , there was a loud banging on the door.
    50. BE OUT OF THE QUESTION: không thể được.
    Ex: You cannot get married until you are 18 , it’s out of the question.
    51. BLOW ONE’S TRUMPET : bốc phét , khoác lác.
    Ex: Anyone will tell you she’s one of the best journalist we’ve got , although she’d never blow her jumpet.
    52. SLEEP ON IT : suy nghĩ thêm về điều gì đó.
    Ex: You don’t have to give me your decision now . Sleep on it and let me know tomorrow.
    53. FIGHT TOOTH AND CLAW/ NAIL: đánh nhau dữ dội , cấu xé nhau .
    Ex: We fought tooth and claw to retain our share of business.
    54. PLAY TRICK/ JOKES ON : chọc phá , trêu ghẹo , chơi khăm.
    Ex: The kids are always play trick on their teacher.
    55. SMELL A RAT : hoài nghi , linh cảm chuyện không ổn.
    Ex: The minute I came in , I smelled a rat.
    56. DOWN THE DRAIN : đổ sông đổ biển ( công sức , tiền bạc ) .
    Ex : It’s just money down the drain.
    57. THE LAST STRAW : giọt nước tràn ly .
    Ex: When she showed up late a third time , that was the last straw . We had to fire her.
    58. GET THE HAND OF SOMETHING : nắm bắt được , sử dụng được.
    Ex: After three weeks of using this computer , I think I’ve finally got the hand of it.
    59. HARD OF HEARING : lãng tai , nặng tai.
    Ex: Tom is hard of hearing . Therefore , we have to speak loudly so that he can hear us.
    60. KEEP AN EYE ON : coi chừng , ngó chừng.
    Ex: Please keep an eye on my baby while I’m out for a while.
    61. HAVE A BEE IN ONE’S BONNET ( ABOUT SOMETHING) : đặt nặng chuyện gì , chấp nhất chuyện gì.
    Ex : She has a bee in her bonnet about going to America.
    62. GET / HAVE COLD FEET : mất hết can đảm , chùn bước.
    Ex: I’m worried my members in this page may be getting cold feet about the university entrance exam. Therefore , I will try my best to help them overcome this severe team.
    63. ON SECOND THOUGHTS : suy nghĩ kĩ.
    Ex: On second thoughts , it was a good movie.
    64. IN VAIN : uổng công , vô ích.
    Ex: Government agents tried in vain catch him.
    65. CHIP IN : quyên góp , góp tiền .
    Ex: If everyone chips in , we will be able to buy her a nice gift.
    66. OFF ONE’S HEAD : điên , loạn trí.
    Ex: The old man has been off his head for at least a year.
    67. RUN AN ERRAND : làm việc vặt.
    Ex: I’ve got to run an errand. I’ll be back in a minute.
    68. JUMP THE TRAFFIC LIGHTS : vượt đèn đỏ.
    Ex: They ignore people who jumps the traffic lights.
    69. FLY OFF THE HANDLE : dễ nổi giận , phát cáu.
    Ex: No one will fly off the handle for no reason.
    70. THE APPLE OF ONE’S EYES : đồ quý giá của ai.
    Ex: You are the apple of my eyes.
    71. BUCKET DOWN : mưa xối xả , mưa to .
    Ex: It’s been bucketing down all day.
    72. CLOSE SHAVE = NARROW ESCAPE : thoát chết trong gang tấc.
    Ex: Phew , that was a close shave . We was so lucky.
    73. DROP A BRICK : lỡ lời , lỡ miệng , làm ai khó chịu , hớ.
    Ex: I dropped a brick when talking with my best friend and now she doesn’t want to talk to me.
    74. GET BUTTERFLIES IN ONE’S STOMACH : cảm thấy bồn chồn.
    Ex: I always get butterflies in my stomach when I comes to taking test.
    75. OFF THE RECORD : không chính thức , không được công bố.
    Ex: What the president said is not to be printed . It’s off the record.
    76. ONE’S CUP OF TEA : thứ mà ( ta ) thích.
    Ex: SNSD is my cup of tea . They are so beautiful and talented . Especially Seohyun , she looks so cute.
    77. CUT IT FINE : đến sát giờ.
    Ex: Only allowing half an hour to get from the station to the airport is cutting it fine , isn’t it ?
    78. GOLDEN HANDSHAKE : món tiền hậu hĩnh dành cho người sắp nghỉ việc.
    Ex: The manager got early retirement and a 600,000 $ handshake when the company was restructed.
    79. PUT ON AN ACT : giả bộ , làm bộ.
    Ex: We’re known you are a good swimmer – stop putting on an act.
    80. COME TO LIGHT : được biết đến , được phát hiện , được đưa ra ánh sáng.
    Ex: Four soldiers have faced charges since the scandal came to light last fall.
    81. TAKE THINGS TO PIECES : tháo ra từng mảnh.
    Ex: Men like to take things to pieces and put them together.
    82. PUT ONE’S FOOT IN IT : gây nhầm lẫn , bối rối , phạm một sai lầm gây bối rối.
    Ex: I really put my foot in it when I asked her about her job . I didn’t know she’d just been fired.
    83. PULL ONE’S WEIGHT : nỗ lực , làm tròn trách nhiệm.
    Ex: The rest of the team complained that Sarah wasn’t pulling her weight.
    84. MAKE ENDS MEET : xoay sở để kiếm sống.
    Ex: I have to work at two jobs to make ends meet.
    85. GET THE HOLD OF THE WRONG END OF THE STICK : hiểu nhầm ai đó.
    Ex: I think I must explain to her that she got hold of the wrong end of the stick again.
    86. CUT AND DRIED : cuối cùng , không thể thay đổi , rõ ràng , dễ hiểu.
    Ex: - Although a deal has been agreed , it isn’t yet cut-and-dried.
    - The human rights issue is by no means cut-and-dried.
    87. STAY / KEEP ON ONE’S TOE : cảnh giác , thận trọng.
    Ex: We had better keep on our toes while we’re walking along the dark portions of this street .
    88. SEE EYE TO EYE : đồng tình .
    Ex: I’m glad that they see eye to eye on the matter of conference location.
    89. HAVE IN MIND : đang suy tính , cân nhắc .
    Ex: I don’t want to see a movie now , I have in mind going to the park.
    90. A LOT CAUSE : hết hy vọng , không thay đổi được gì.
    Ex: It seems that Charles will give it up . I suppose he is a lost cause.
    91. TO BE BOUND TO : chắc chắn.
    Ex : You’re bound to be late if you don’t hurry.
    92. AT HEART : thực chất , cơ bản ( basically , fundamentally ).
    Ex : Jame sometimes seem quite unfriendly but at heart he’s a good person.
    93. TO KNOW BY SIGHT : nhận ra ( recognize )
    Ex : The woman said that he would know the thief by sight if she ever saw him again.
    94. NOW AND THEN = NOW AND AGAIN = AT TIMES = FROM TIME TO TIME = OFF AND ON = ONCE IN A WHILE = EVERY SO OFTEN : thỉnh thoảng , không thường xuyên.
    Ex : Every now and then he eats kimchi with install noodle.
    95. TO TAKE PAINS : làm việc cẩn thận và tận tâm.
    Ex : She takes pains to do everything well.
    96. TO MAKE DO : xoay xở , đương đầu .
    Ex : During difficult economic times , many people have to make do with less.
    97. SELL SOMEONE SHORT : đánh giá thấp.
    Ex: She always sells her short.
    98 . FACE THE MUSIC : chịu trận .
    Ex : Mary broke a dining – room window and had to face the music when her father got home .
    99. LET THE CAT OUT OF THE BAG : để lộ bí mật.
    Ex: It’s a secret . Try not to let the cat out of the bag.
    100. ON PROBATION : trong thời gian quản chế.
    Ex : While Anne was on probation , she reported to the police regularly.
    101 . A CHAPTER OF ACCIDENT : chuỗi trục trặc , sự cố.
    Ex : The whole affair has been a chapter of accidents from start to finish.
    102 . IN ADVANCE ( OF SOMETHING ) : trước , trước khi.
    Ex : You should book in advance because the restaurant is very popular here.
    - diligent (a) : siêng năng .
    - strike -> stroke -> stroken (v) : đánh , đập , tấn công , bãi công , tìm ra , gây ấn tượng , sản xuất , đi vào , hạ cờ , gõ .
    -> strike (v ) : sự bãi công , sự đột nhiên dò đúng.
    - manipulative (a) : thao túng .
    - term ( n ) : khoản thời gian , kỳ học , thuật ngữ .
    -> term (v) : có tên gọi , gọi là.
    - publish (v) : xuất bản , công bố .
    - bang (v ) : sập , nện đau , vang lên .
    -> bang (n) : tiếng sập mạnh , tiếng đập mạnh.
    - journalist (n ) : nhà báo
    - retain (v) : giữ được , nhớ được , giữ .
    - entrance (n) : cổng vào , lối vào , quyền gia nhập , sự đi vào .
    -> entrance (v ) : làm say mê.
    - retirement (n) : sự nghỉ hưu , thời gian nghỉ hưu .
    - face (v ) : đối diện , đương đầu , đối phó , hướng về hoặc quay về phía.
    - charge (n) : giá chi phí , lời buộc tội , cuộc đột kích , điện tích , đảm trách , số đạn nạp.
    -> charge (v ) : ra giá , ghi sổ nợ , buộc tội , đột kích , leo , nạp điện , giao nhiệm vụ.
    - issue (n) : vấn đề , sự phát hành , số báo.
    -> issua (v ) : phát hành , phát ra ( formal )
    - portion (n) : phần , cổ phần , khẩu phần ăn.
    - conference (n ) : hội thảo.
    - matter (n): chủ đề , mủ , chất ; vật chất .
    -> matter (v) : có ý nghĩa quan trọng .
    - suppose (v) : cho là , tin rằng , giả định , giả sử , coi như một lời đề nghị .
    P/S : Lần này mình có thêm hai idioms , hai idioms này là từ trong đề tham khảo vừa rồi . Lần nữa chúc các bạn và mình thành công trong kì thi THPTQG này nhé !! :D :D Cố lên !!! NEVER GIVE UP !!!
    Link part 1 :
    Takudo, Vy Lan Lê, Quyên Trương8 others thích bài này.
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