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[TA-Bài tập]Ngữ vựng - Gerund / To + V(infinitive)

Thảo luận trong 'Ngữ vựng' bắt đầu bởi thanhthuytu, 14 Tháng mười hai 2008.

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  1. thanhthuytu

    thanhthuytu Guest

    "Điểm danh ngay - Nhận quà liền tay" chào đón HMforum quay trở lại


    Mấy bài tập nè, các bạn vào làm tham khảo nha.
    Give the correct form of the verbs:​

    1. My friend promised (return) ________________ the book very soon.
    2. Most people enjoy (write) ________________ letters to their friends.
    3. Tom avoids (study) ________________ his lessons as long as possible.
    4. David finished (write) ________________ the report about four o’clock.
    5. How soon do you expect (leave) ________________ for South America?
    6. Have you considered (try) ________________ something different?
    7. Are you going to suggest (travel) ________________ by plane or not?
    8. I can’t stand (listen) ________________ to his complaints any longer.
    9. My father is retired. He stops (working) ________________ now.
    10. We had the water pipe (repair) ________________ by the plumber.
    11. Mrs. Baker got them (keep) ________________ her house.
    12. She wanted the letter (send) ________________ at once.
    13. It will make difference (try) ________________ at this time.
    14. My children have to (learn) ________________ the lesson now.
    15. I look forward to (hear) ________________ from you.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 30 Tháng mười 2012
  2. amaranth

    amaranth Guest


    Câu đầu: to return; câu cuối: hearing
    Làm ủng hộ em nhỏ 2 câu thôi, làm hết thì kỳ, để dành cho mấy bé khác nữa chứ
     
  3. yiin

    yiin Guest



    2.writing
    3.studying
    Pé làm vậy, ko bít có đúg ko ta ;))
    Kí tên: pé già lol
     

  4. Yiin làm đúng đó, làm tiếp câu khác đi. sao làm có hai câu vậy?
     
  5. sweetshy

    sweetshy Guest


    1. to return
    2.writing
    3. studying
    4. writing
    5. to leave
    6. to try
    7. traveling
    8. listening
    9. working
    10. repaired (cái này đâu phải Gerund hay To_Infi đâu nhỉ, :-/ )
    11. to keep
    12. to be sent ( cái này nữa, cấu trúc passive voice mà :-/ )
    13. try
    14. learn
    15. hearing

    P/s: ở trên cái đề, nên thêm Bare_inf vào bạn ui, :D
     

  6. Give the correct form of the verbs:​

    1. My friend promised (return) _to return_____________ the book very soon.
    2. Most people enjoy (write) _____writing___________ letters to their friends.
    3. Tom avoids (study) ________studying_______ his lessons as long as possible.
    4. David finished (write) ___writing_____________ the report about four o’clock.
    5. How soon do you expect (leave) __to leave______________ for South America?
    6. Have you considered (try) ____trying____________ something different?
    7. Are you going to suggest (travel) _____travelling___________ by plane or not?
    8. I can’t stand (listen) ____listening____________ to his complaints any longer.
    9. My father is retired. He stops (working) ________________ now. câu này cho đáp lun oy nè;)
    10. We had the water pipe (repair)_________repaired____ by the plumber.
    11. Mrs. Baker got them (keep) ____to keep____________ her house.
    12. She wanted the letter (send) ___to be sent_____________ at once.
    13. It will make difference (try) _______trying_________ at this time.
    14. My children have to (learn) ______learn__________ the lesson now.
    15. I look forward to (hear) ___hearing_____________ from you.
    làm thử tí:D:D:D:D:D:D
     
  7. moxa

    moxa Guest


    Give the correct form of the verbs:

    1. My friend promised to return the book very soon.
    2. Most people enjoy writing letters to their friends.
    3. Tom avoids studying his lessons as long as possible.
    4. David finished writing the report about four o’clock.
    5. How soon do you expect to leave for South America?
    6. Have you considered trying something different?
    7. Are you going to suggest travelling by plane or not?
    8. I can’t stand listening to his complaints any longer.
    9. My father is retired. He stops working now.
    10. We had the water pipe repaired by the plumber.
    11. Mrs. Baker got them to keep her house.
    12. She wanted the letter to be sent at once.
    13. It will make difference try at this time.
    14. My children have to learn the lesson now.
    15. I look forward to hearing from you.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 2 Tháng một 2009
  8. thanhthuytu

    thanhthuytu Guest


    Những động từ sau đây được dùng với Gerund:
    1. Admit
    2. Appreciate
    3. Begin
    4. Be intersested in
    5. Be tired of
    6. Be bored with
    7. Be fed up with
    8. Be afraid of
    9. Consider
    10. Continue
    11. Delay
    12. Deny
    13. Detest
    14. Dislike
    15. Dread
    16. Enjoy
    17. Escape
    18. Excuse
    19. Fancy
    20. Finish
    21. Forgive
    22. Give up
    23. Hate
    24. Imagine
    25. Intend
    26. Involve
    27. Keep
    28. Like
    29. Love
    30. Mean (=involve)
    31. Mind
    32. Miss
    33. Neglect
    34. Pardon
    35. Postpone
    36. Practise
    37. Prefer
    38. Prevent
    39. Propose
    40. Recollect
    41. Remember
    42. Resent
    43. Resist
    44. Risk
    45. Save
    46. Start
    47. Stop
    48. Suggest
    49. Understand
    50. Can’t stand
    51. Can’t help
    52. Can’t bear
    53. It’s worth
    54. It’s no use
     
  9. thanhthuytu

    thanhthuytu Guest


    Những động từ sau đây được dùng với Infinitive:
    1. Afford
    2. Agree
    3. Arrange
    4. Ask*
    5. Advise*
    6. Beg*
    7. Care
    8. Challenge*
    9. Convince*
    10. Decide
    11. Expect*
    12. Fail
    13. Hope
    14. Learn
    15. Invite*
    16. Order*
    17. Plan
    18. Pretend
    19. Promise
    20. Permit*
    21. Tell*
    22. Teach*
    23. Wait
    24. Want*
    25. Wish
    26. Warm*
    27. Allowed

    Một số động từ có thể dùng với Gerund và Infinitive:
    To begin; To hate; To prefer; To try; Can't stand; To intend; To remember; To continue; To like; To start; To forget; To love; To stop.
     

  10. Exercise 1: Choose the correct answer a, b, c or d

    1. Ms. Lan enjoys ……because she loves working with children.
    a. to teach b. to be taught c. teaching d. teach
    2. I’d like to stay at home ……going out this evening.
    a. rather than b. instead of c. more than d. better at
    3. It is such a terrible day that I don’t ……..to go out.
    a. want b. fancy c. enjoy d. need
    4. I have such a lot of work to do that I don’t know ……..to do first
    a. when b. what c. where d. why
    5. The reason …….he refused this job is that he doesn’t like the boss.
    a. what b. who c. why d. when
    6. My father doesn’t allow me ……in his room.
    a. to smoke b. smoking c. smoke d. not smoke
    7. Nam ……in finding a good job in an advertising company.
    a. managed b. gained c. succeeded d. got
    8. It’s better to avoid ………during the rush hour.
    a. traveling b. to travel c. travel d. traveled
    9. It was a nice day, so we decided ………..for walk.
    a. to have b. to go c. to take d. to make
    10. Would you ………..looking after my children for a while?
    a. mind b. agree c. stand d. care
    11. I have difficulty ……..and ………..English.
    a. speak-writing b. to speak-to write c. speaking-writing d. speak-write
    12. They offered ……her but she refused.
    a. to help b. helping c. help d. being helped
    13. I don’t mind …..you ……..the washing up.
    a. help-do b. helping-doing c. helping-do d. to help-to do
    14. I’d like …….when I am sixty years old.
    a. to rest b. to stop c. to retire d. to relax
    15. The children are looking forward to ………..on holiday.
    a. go b. going c. be going d. have gone
    16. You must try not …….so many mistakes again.
    a. make b. making c. to make d. makes
    17. He advised me …………….at this time.
    a. not to go out b. not go out c. not going out d. not to going out
    18. We always expect ……….as many good marks as possible.
    a. getting b. get c. to getting d. to get
    19. This book is worthy ………for us.
    a. to read b. reading c. read d. be read
    20. I have trouble ………late at nights.
    a. work b. to work c. working d. works
     
  11. tuyetphan

    tuyetphan Guest


    --->c
    --->b
    -->a
    -->b
    --->c
    ........................................................
    ---->a
    --->c
    ---->a
    ---->b
    ---->a
    ..............................
    --->b
    --------->a
    ------>b
    -------->c
    ------>b

    Bạn ơi! Sao này đừng có tách ra nhiều phần như thế nữa nha!
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 8 Tháng một 2009
  12. tuyetphan

    tuyetphan Guest


    16. You must try not …….so many mistakes again.
    a. make b. making c. to make d. makes
    17. He advised me …………….at this time.
    a. not to go out b. not go out c. not going out d. not to going out
    18. We always expect ……….as many good marks as possible.
    a. getting b. get c. to getting d. to get
    19. This book is worthy ………for us.
    a. to read b. reading c. read d. be read
    20. I have trouble ………late at nights.
    a. work b. to work c. working d. works

    Tất cả sai 4 câu em ơi.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 7 Tháng một 2009
  13. hsdailoc

    hsdailoc Guest


    1. Ms. Lan enjoys ……because she loves working with children.
    a. to teach b. to be taught c. teaching d. teach
    2. I’d like to stay at home ……going out this evening.
    a. rather than b. instead of c. more than d. better at
    3. It is such a terrible day that I don’t ……..to go out.
    a. want b. fancy c. enjoy d. need
    4. I have such a lot of work to do that I don’t know ……..to do first
    a. when b. what c. where d. why
    5. The reason …….he refused this job is that he doesn’t like the boss.
    a. what b. who c. why d. when
    6. My father doesn’t allow me ……in his room.
    a. to smoke b. smoking c. smoke d. not smoke
    7. Nam ……in finding a good job in an advertising company.
    a. managed b. gained c. succeeded d. got
    8. It’s better to avoid ………during the rush hour.
    a. traveling b. to travel c. travel d. traveled
    9. It was a nice day, so we decided ………..for walk.
    a. to have b. to go c. to take d. to make
    10. Would you ………..looking after my children for a while?
    a. mind b. agree c. stand d. care
    11. I have difficulty ……..and ………..English.
    a. speak-writing b. to speak-to write c. speaking-writing d. speak-write
    12. They offered ……her but she refused.
    a. to help b. helping c. help d. being helped
    13. I don’t mind …..you ……..the washing up.
    a. help-do b. helping-doing c. helping-do d. to help-to do
    14. I’d like …….when I am sixty years old.
    a. to rest b. to stop c. to retire d. to relax
    15. The children are looking forward to ………..on holiday.
    a. go b. going c. be going d. have gone
    16. You must try not …….so many mistakes again.
    a. make b. making c. to make d. makes
    17. He advised me …………….at this time.
    a. not to go out b. not go out c. not going out d. not to going out
    18. We always expect ……….as many good marks as possible.
    a. getting b. get c. to getting d. to get
    19. This book is worthy ………for us.
    a. to read b. reading c. read d. be read
    20. I have trouble ………late at nights.
    a. work b. to work c. working d. works
    em làm xong rồi, hông biết đúng hông, chị sửa giúp em
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 8 Tháng một 2009
  14. moxa

    moxa Guest


    Exercise 1: Choose the correct answer a, b, c or d

    1. Ms. Lan enjoys ……because she loves working with children.
    a. to teach b. to be taught c. teaching d. teach
    2. I’d like to stay at home ……going out this evening.
    a. rather than b. instead of c. more than d. better at
    3. It is such a terrible day that I don’t ……..to go out.
    a. want b. fancy c. enjoy d. need
    4. I have such a lot of work to do that I don’t know ……..to do first
    a. when b. what c. where d. why
    5. The reason …….he refused this job is that he doesn’t like the boss.
    a. what b. who c. why d. when
    6. My father doesn’t allow me ……in his room.
    a. to smoke b. smoking c. smoke d. not smoke
    7. Nam ……in finding a good job in an advertising company.
    a. managed b. gained c. succeeded d. got
    8. It’s better to avoid ………during the rush hour.
    a. traveling b. to travel c. travel d. traveled
    9. It was a nice day, so we decided ………..for walk.
    a. to have b. to go c. to take d. to make
    10. Would you ………..looking after my children for a while?
    a. mind b. agree c. stand d. care
    11. I have difficulty ……..and ………..English.
    a. speak-writing b. to speak-to write c. speaking-writing d. speak-write
    12. They offered ……her but she refused.
    a. to help b. helping c. help d. being helped
    13. I don’t mind …..you ……..the washing up.
    a. help-do b. helping-doing c. helping-do d. to help-to do
    14. I’d like …….when I am sixty years old.
    a. to rest b. to stop c. to retire d. to relax
    15. The children are looking forward to ………..on holiday.
    a. go b. going c. be going d. have gone
    16. You must try not …….so many mistakes again.
    a. make b. making c. to make d. makes
    17. He advised me …………….at this time.
    a. not to go out b. not go out c. not going out d. not to going out
    18. We always expect ……….as many good marks as possible.
    a. getting b. get c. to getting d. to get
    19. This book is worthy ………for us.
    a. to read b. reading c. read d. be read
    20. I have trouble ………late at nights.
    a. work b. to work c. working d. works

    chắc sai nhiều lắm ak", :):):)
     

  15. To hsdailoc: em sai hai câu đó. Câu 2 và câu 13.
    To moxa: Em sai 1 câu. Câu 2. Uki.
     
  16. moxa

    moxa Guest


    Nếu zậy câu 2 chọn đáp án nào là đúng hả chị??? chị chọn xong rồi giải thix luôn nhen!!!:):):)
     

  17. Cách sử dụng would rather phụ thuộc vào số lượng chủ ngữ của câu cũng như thời của câu.
    1. Loại câu có một chủ ngữ

    Loại câu này dùng would rather ... (than) là loại câu diễn tả sự mong muốn hay ước muốn của một người và chia làm 2 thời:
    1.1 Thời hiện tại:

    Sau would rather là nguyên thể bỏ to. Nếu muốn thành lập thể phủ định đặt not trước nguyên thể và bỏ to.

    S + would rather + [verb in simple form] ...

    Jim would rather go to class tomorrow than today.
    Jim would rather not go to class tomorrow.

    1.2 Thời quá khứ:

    Động từ sau would rather phải là have + P2, nếu muốn thành lập thể phủ định đặt not trước have.

    S + would rather + have + [verb in past participle]

    Jim would rather have gone to class yesterday than today.
    Jim would rather not have gone to the class yesterday.

    2. Loại câu có hai chủ ngữ


    2.1 Câu cầu kiến ở hiện tại (present subjunctive):

    Là loại câu người thứ nhất muốn người thứ hai làm việc gì (nhưng làm hay không còn phụ thuộc vào người thứ hai). Trong trường hợp này động từ ở mệng đề hai để ở dạng nguyên thể bỏ to. Nếu muốn thành lập thể phủ định đặt not trước nguyên thể bỏ to.

    S1 + would rather that + S2 + [verb in simple form] ...

    I would rather that you call me tomorrow.
    He would rather that I not take this train.

    2.2 Câu giả định đối lập với thực tế ở hiện tại

    Động từ sau chủ ngữ hai sẽ chia ở simple past, to be phải chia là were ở tất cả các ngôi.

    S1 + would rather that + S2 + [verb in simple past tense] ...

    Henry would rather that his girlfriend worked in the same department as he does.
    (His girlfriend does not work in the same department)
    Jane would rather that it were winter now. (Infact, it is not winter now)

    Nếu muốn thành lập thể phủ định dùng didn't + verb hoặc were not sau chủ ngữ hai.

    Henry would rather that his girlfriend didn’t work in the same department as he does.
    Jane would rather that it were not winter now.

    2.3 Câu giả định trái ngược với thực tế ở quá khứ

    Động từ sau chủ ngữ hai sẽ chia ở dạng past perfect. Nếu muốn thành lập thể phủ định dùng hadn't + P2.

    S1 + would rather that + S2 + past perfect ...

    Bob would rather that Jill had gone to class yesterday.
    (Jill did not go to class yesterday)

    Bill would rather that his wife hadn’t divorced him.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 12 Tháng một 2009
  18. thanhthuytu

    thanhthuytu Guest


    Give the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. (Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc)

    1. He tried (explain) _________ but she refused (listen) ________
    2. At dinner she annoyed me by (smoke) _________ between two courses.
    3. You are expected (know) _________ the safety regulations of the college.
    4. He decided (disguise) _________ himself by (dress) _________ as a woman.
    5. Would you mind (show) _________ me how (work) _________ the lift?
    6. After (walk) _________ for three hours, we stopped to let the others (catch up) _________ with us.
    7. He was fined for (exceed) _________ the speed limit.
    8. I regret (inform) _________ you that your application has been refused.
    9. I couldn’t help (overhear) _________ what you said.
    10. A: I don’t allow (smoke) _________ in my drawing room.
    B: I don’t allow my family (smoke) _________ at all.
    11. He surprised us all by (go) _________ away without (say) _________ good-bye.
    12. He wore dark glasses (avoid) _________ (be) _________ recognized.
    13. Before (give) _________ evidence, you must swear (speak) _________ the truth.
    14. I tried (persuade) _________ him (agree) _________ with your proposal.
    15. Your windows need (clean) _________. Would you like me (do) _________ them for you?
    16. Stop (talk) _________. I’m trying (finish) _________ a letter.
    17. His doctor advised him (give up) _________ (jog) _________.
    18. My watch keeps (stop) _________. That’s because you keep (forget) _________ (wind) _________ it.
    19. Is (boil) _________ or (fry) _________ the best way of (cook) _________ this fish?
    20. Try (avoid) _________ (be) _________ late. He hates (be) _________ kept (wait) _________.
     
  19. moxa

    moxa Guest


    Give the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. (Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc)

    1. He tried (explain) to explained but she refused (listen) to listen
    2. At dinner she annoyed me by (smoke)smoking between two courses.
    3. You are expected (know)to know the safety regulations of the college.
    4. He decided (disguise)to disguise himself by (dress) dressing as a woman.
    5. Would you mind (show)showing me how (work) to work the lift?
    6. After (walk)having walked for three hours, we stopped to let the others (catch up) catch up with us.
    7. He was fined for (exceed) exceed the speed limit.
    8. I regret (inform)to inform you that your application has been refused.
    9. I couldn’t help (overhear) overhearing what you said.
    10. A: I don’t allow (smoke) smoking in my drawing room.
    B: I don’t allow my family (smoke) to smoke at all.
    11. He surprised us all by (go) going away without (say)saying good-bye.
    12. He wore dark glasses (avoid)to avoid (be) being recognized.
    13. Before (give) giving evidence, you must swear (speak) to speak the truth.
    14. I tried (persuade)to persuade him (agree) to agree with your proposal.
    15. Your windows need (clean)cleaning. Would you like me (do) do them for you?
    16. Stop (talk) talking. I’m trying (finish) to finish a letter.
    17. His doctor advised him (give up) to give up (jog) jogging.
    18. My watch keeps (stop) stoping. That’s because you keep (forget) forgetting (wind)to wind it.
    19. Is (boil) boiling or (fry) frying the best way of (cook)cooking this fish?
    20. Try (avoid) to avoid (be)being late. He hates (be) being kept (wait) waiting.
     
  20. moxa

    moxa Guest


    Give the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. (Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc)

    1. He tried (explain) to explained but she refused (listen) to listen
    2. At dinner she annoyed me by (smoke)smoking between two courses.
    3. You are expected (know)to know the safety regulations of the college.
    4. He decided (disguise)to disguise himself by (dress) dressing as a woman.
    5. Would you mind (show)showing me how (work) to work the lift?
    6. After (walk)having walked for three hours, we stopped to let the others (catch up) catch up with us.
    7. He was fined for (exceed) exceed the speed limit.
    8. I regret (inform)to inform you that your application has been refused.
    9. I couldn’t help (overhear) overhearing what you said.
    10. A: I don’t allow (smoke) smoking in my drawing room.
    B: I don’t allow my family (smoke) to smoke at all.
    11. He surprised us all by (go) going away without (say)saying good-bye.
    12. He wore dark glasses (avoid)to avoid (be) being recognized.
    13. Before (give) giving evidence, you must swear (speak) to speak the truth.
    14. I tried (persuade)to persuade him (agree) to agree with your proposal.
    15. Your windows need (clean)cleaning. Would you like me (do) do them for you?
    16. Stop (talk) talking. I’m trying (finish) to finish a letter.
    17. His doctor advised him (give up) to give up (jog) jogging.
    18. My watch keeps (stop) stoping. That’s because you keep (forget) forgetting (wind)to wind it.
    19. Is (boil) boiling or (fry) frying the best way of (cook)cooking this fish?
    20. Try (avoid) to avoid (be)being late. He hates (be) being kept (wait) waiting.