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  1. Nguyễn Huỳnh Nhật Linh

    Nguyễn Huỳnh Nhật Linh Học sinh mới Thành viên

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    TP Hồ Chí Minh
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    THCS Tran Dai Nghia
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    Đọc sách & cùng chia sẻ cảm nhận về sách số 2


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    PHRASAL VERBS (PART 2)
    I. What are phrasal verbs?
    1. A phrasal verb is a verb plus a preposition or adverb which creates a meaning different from the original verb.
    Example:
    I ran into my teacher at the movies last night. run + into = meet
    He ran away when he was 15. run + away = leave home
    2. Some phrasal verbs are intransitive. An intransitive verb cannot be followed by an object.
    Example:
    He suddenly showed up. "show up" cannot take an object
    3. Some phrasal verbs are transitive. A transitive verb can be followed by an object.
    Example:
    I made up the story. "story" is the object of "make up"
    4. Some transitive phrasal verbs are separable. The object is placed between the verb and the preposition. In this Phrasal Verb Dictionary, separable phrasal verbs are marked by placing a * between the verb and the preposition / adverb.
    Example:
    I talked my mother into letting me borrow the car.
    She looked the phone number up.
    5. Some transitive phrasal verbs are inseparable. The object is placed after the preposition. In this Phrasal Verb Dictionary, inseparable phrasal verbs are marked by placing a + after the preposition / adverb.
    Example:
    I ran into an old friend yesterday.
    They are looking into the problem.
    6. Some transitive phrasal verbs can take an object in both places. In this Phrasal Verb Dictionary, such phrasal verbs are marked with both * and + .
    Example:
    I looked the number up in the phone book.
    I looked up the number in the phone book.
    7. WARNING! Although many phrasal verbs can take an object in both places, you must put the object between the verb and the preposition if the object is a pronoun.
    Example:
    I looked the number up in the phone book.
    I looked up the number in the phone book.
    I looked it up in the phone book. correct
    I looked up it in the phone book. incorrect
    Phrasal Verb ( A )

    Phrasal VerbDefinitionExample
    Act upBehave or function improperlyI think I need to take my car to the mechanic because it's acting up again.
    Add * up +Calculate a sumI added up the receipts and it totaled $135.46.
    Add up to +Equal an amountThe total expenses added up to $325.00.
    Add upMake senseHer story doesn't add up. I think she is lying.
    Ask * out +Invite on a dateI can't believe that Joe finally asked me out on a date!
    Ask * over +Invite to one's homeWhy don't we ask the Johnsons over for dinner?
    Phrasal Verb ( B )

    Phrasal VerbDefinitionExample
    Back downStop defending your opinion in a debateJane never backs down. She always wins arguments.
    Back outNot keep (a promise, agreement,deal)Sam backed out at the last second.
    Back out of +Not keep (a promise, agreement, deal)Sam backed out of the agreement at the last second.
    Back * up +Give supportYou need examples to back up your opinion.
    Back upMove backwards, reverseCould you back up a little so I can open this drawer.
    Bawl * outCriticize, reprimand (inf.)She bawled him out for arriving late.
    Bear down on +BiteThe soldier had to bear down on the leather strap while the doctor removed a bullet from the soldier's arm.
    Bear down on +Take strong measures againstThe U.S.A. is bearing down on drug traffickers.
    Bear on +Have to do withThis information may bear on this case.
    Bear upWithstandI didn't think he would bear up so well in that situation.
    Bear up under +WithstandHow did he bear up under such extreme pressure.
    Bear with +Be patientPlease bear with me while I fill out the paperwork.
    Blow inVisit unexpectedly (inf.)My cousin blew in unexpectedly with his entire family.
    Blow overPass without creating a problemAll this negative publicity will blow over in a couple of weeks.
    Blow * up +Make explode;destroy using explosivesThe terrorists blew the bridge up.
    Blow upExplodeThe bomb blew up before they could defuse it.
    Blow upSuddenly become very angryWhen Joan heard the news, she blew up and rushed out of the room.
    Break * down +Analyze in detailWe need to break this problem down in order to solve.
    Break downStop working properlyThe truck broke down in the desert.
    Break downBecome mentally illShe broke down after her husband died.
    Break * in +Wear or use something new until it is comfortableI need to break these shoes in before I go hiking.
    Break inInterruptWhile we were discussing the situation, Terri broke in to give her opinion.
    Break inEnter a place unlawfullyThe burglar broke in between midnight and 3 AM.
    Break in on +Interrupt (a conversation)Jane broke in on the conversation and told us to get back to work.
    Break into +Enter a house unlawfullyThe burglar broke into the house between midnight and 3 AM.
    Break into +Interrupt (a conversation)Jane broke into the conversation and told us what she knew.
    Break * off +End somethingSally broke her engagement to John off.
    Break outAppear violentlyViolent protests broke out in response to the military coup.
    Break out +Use something extravagant for celebrationHe broke out the champagne to celebrate his promotion.
    Break out of +EscapeThe murderer broke out of the prison.
    Break * up +Break into piecesI broke the cracker up into pieces and put it in the soup.
    Break * up +Disperse (a crowd), stop (a fight)The police broke the demonstration up before it got out of control.
    Break upEnd a relationshipSam and Diane broke up again. What a rocky relationship.
    Bring * about +Cause to happenDemocracy brought about great change in the lives of the people.
    Bring * along +Bring withWhen we go to the forest, bring your wildlife guide along.
    Bring * aroundChange someone's mind, convince someoneShe doesn't want to go, but we'll eventually bring her around.
    Bring * awayLearn or gain (from an experience)My trip across the Sahara was difficult, but I brought a new appreciation for life away from the experience.
    Bring * off +Succeed at something difficult or unexpectedYou robbed the bank! I can't believe you brought that off.
    Bring * on +Cause somethingI can't believe she got so angry. What brought that on?
    Bring * out +Highlight, stressYour new shirt brings out the color of your eyes.
    Bring * over +Bring to someone's houseWhen you visit me, why don't you bring over your son.
    Bring * toRevive consciousnessWe used smelling salts to bring her to after she fainted.
    Bring * up +MentionI didn't want to bring up the fact that she was unemployed.
    Bring * up +Raise ( a child)Sam was brought up in South Carolina.
    Brush * off +Ignore something or someone (inf.)Mary brushed her ex-boyfriend off at the party.
    Burn * down +Destroy by setting fire toThe children burned the house down while playing with matches.
    Burn downBurn until completely gone (building)Two buildings burnt down in the fire.
    Burn upBe hotI am burning up in here - open the window.
    Burn upConsume by fireThe papers were burned up in the fire.
    Burn * up +Destroy by fireHe burnt up the files.
    Buy * out +Buy the shares of a company or the shares the other person owns of a businessPacific Inc. was bought out by a company from Oregon.
    Buy * up +Purchase the entire supply of somethingWe bought up all the beer in the store.
    Phrasal Verb ( C )

    Phrasal VerbDefinitionExample
    Call for +Require (as in a recipe)This recipe calls for milk, not water.
    Call * off +Cancel somethingThey called the picnic off because of the rain.
    Call * off +Order to stop (an invasion, guard dogs)He called off the dogs when he saw it was his neighbor.
    Call on +VisitMark called on Naomi while he was in town.
    Call on +Invite someone to speak in a meeting or a classroomProfessor Tanzer called on Tim to answer the question.
    Call * up +TelephoneI called Sam up to see if he wanted to go to the movies.
    Calm * down +Make someone relaxYou can calm the baby down by rocking her gently.
    Care for +Nurse someone or somethingHe cared for the bird until its wing healed.
    Care for +Like someone or somethingI don't care for sour cream on my potato.
    Carry on +Continue (a conversation, a game)Please, carry on. I didn't mean to interrupt you.
    Carry on about +Continue in an annoying wayHe kept carrying on about how much money he makes.
    Carry on with +ContinueI want you to carry on with the project while I am out of town.
    Carry * out +Complete and/or accomplish somethingThe secret agent carried out his orders exactly as planned.
    Carry * over +Continue on a subsequent day, page, etc.The meeting carried over into lunch time.
    Catch onSlowly start to understand (inf.)He caught on after a few minutes.
    Catch upMake up for lost timeI will never catch up. I am too behind in my work.
    Catch up with +Speed up to be at the same place as a person or thing in front of youI had to run to catch up with the others.
    Catch up on +Become up-to-dateI need to catch up on world events. I haven't seen the news in ages.
    Check backReturn to see if everything is OKWe will check back tomorrow to make sure the project is finished.
    Check by +Go to a place to see if everything is OKWe need to check by the office to see if the documents are ready.
    Check for +Try to findThey checked for termites before they bought the house.
    Check inEnter a hospital, hotel etc.They need to check in before noon.
    Check into +Enter a hospital, hotel etc.They checked into the hotel at 11:00 AM.
    Check into +Investigate, look for (often through a service)We are checking into discount flights to London.
    Check * off +Make a mark next to (an item on a list)Check each name off the list.
    Check on +Make sure something is OKLet's check on the baby again before we go to sleep.
    Check * out +Investigate, take a look atHe checked out the new restaurant down the street.
    Check outLeave a hotel, hospitalIt's already eleven. We need to check out.
    Check out of +Leave a hotel, hospitalWe checked out of the hotel before ten.
    Check * over +Closely examine the condition of somethingHe checked over the old car to see if it was worth buying.
    Check up on +Investigate someone or somethingThe police are checking up on the bomb threats.
    Check * throughSend luggage through (to a destination)Your luggage will be checked through to Paris.
    Check with +Ask a person for confirmationHe needs to check with his parents before he goes.
    Cheer * upMake someone feel cheerfulThe party really cheered me up.
    Cheer upBecome cheerfulCheer up. Everything will be all right.
    Chew * up +Chew into small piecesThe dog chewed up my shoe.
    Chop * down +Fell/cut ( a tree)The lumberjack chopped the tree down.
    Chop * up +Chop/cut into small bitsHe chopped the meat up into little pieces.
    Clean * up +TidySusan cleaned the mess up before she left.
    Clear outLeave ( inf.)Everybody clear out! We're closed.
    Clear * up +TidySusan cleared up the mess before she left.
    Close * down +Close a place permanentlyThe corner market closed down because they didn't have many customers.
    Close downClose permanentlyThe bar was closed down because they served alcohol to minors.
    Close in on +
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 11 Tháng mười hai 2018
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