Ngoại ngữ Confusing words

Thảo luận trong 'Thảo luận - Chia sẻ chung' bắt đầu bởi Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn, 21 Tháng bảy 2018.

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  1. Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn

    Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn Á quân kiên cường WC 2018 Thành viên

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    Sở hữu bí kíp ĐỖ ĐẠI HỌC ít nhất 24đ - Đặt chỗ ngay!

    Đọc sách & cùng chia sẻ cảm nhận về sách số 2


    Chào bạn mới. Bạn hãy đăng nhập và hỗ trợ thành viên môn học bạn học tốt. Cộng đồng sẽ hỗ trợ bạn CHÂN THÀNH khi bạn cần trợ giúp. Đừng chỉ nghĩ cho riêng mình. Hãy cho đi để cuộc sống này ý nghĩa hơn bạn nhé. Yêu thương!

    More from me: Phân biệt những cặp câu thường gặp trong giao tiếp
    21/7/2018
    historic / historical

    Historic is usually used to describe something that is so important that it is likely to be remembered.
    Ex: Today is a historic occasion for our country.
    Historical usually describes something that is connected with the past or with the study of history, or something that really happened in the past.
    Ex: I have been doing some historical research. Was Robin Hood a historical figure?
    From: Definition of historical adjective from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary
    Xem tiếp: https://diendan.hocmai.vn/threads/chia-se-phan-biet-mot-so-cap-tu-thuong-gap.692811/
     
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  2. Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn

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    22/7/2018
    raise / rise

    Raise must have an object, as it is a transitive verb. It is a regular verb; its three forms are raise, raised, raised
    Ex: Raise your hand if you know the answer.
    Our favourite restaurant has raised its prices again. It’s getting very expensive.
    Rise does not take an object, as it is an intransitive verb. It is an irregular verb; its three forms are rise, rose, risen:
    Ex: The sun rose at 5.30 this morning.
    Rents have risen sharply in this part of town.
    From: English Grammar Today - raise or rise - Cambrige Dictionary.
    - Mọi người ai biết cách phân biệt những từ thông dụng đều có thể đăng vào topic này theo form:
    word / word
    ...
    Ex:
    ---
    Ex:
    Source/From/etc.: (link)
    I'd like to thank you, @Ye Ye and @phuongdaitt1, for supporting me (they liked me :v)
     
  3. Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn

    Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn Á quân kiên cường WC 2018 Thành viên

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    Hôm nay chúng ta sẽ phân biệt nhiều hơn 2 từ nhé các bạn!
    24/7/2018
    employment/ career/ profession/ occupation/ trade
    These are all words for the work that somebody does in return for payment, especially over a long period of time.
    work the job that somebody does, especially in order to earn money.
    Ex: It’s very difficult to find work at the moment.
    employment (rather formal) work, especially when it is done to earn money; the state of being employed or the situation in which people have work.
    Ex: Only half the people here are in paid employment.
    career the job or series of jobs that somebody has in a particular area of work, usually involving more responsibility as time passes
    Ex: He had a very distinguished career in the Foreign Office.
    profession a type of job that needs special training or skill, especially one that needs a high level of education.
    Ex: He hopes to enter the medical profession.
    The profession is all the people who work in a particular profession: the legal profession. The professions are the traditional jobs that need a high level of education and training, such as being a doctor or lawyer.
    occupation
    (rather formal) a job or profession.
    Ex: Please state your name, age, and occupation.
    trade a job, especially one that involves working with your hands and requires special training and skills.
    Ex: Carpentry is a highly skilled trade.
    Source: originally from Oxford Learner's Advanced Dictionary.
    Thank you guys: @Sophie Vương, @one_day, @Ye Ye, @phuongdaitt1. Hope you like my content.
     
    Last edited: 24 Tháng bảy 2018
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  4. Ye Ye

    Ye Ye Cây bút Truyện ngắn 2017|Thần tượng văn học Thành viên Hội viên CLB Ngôn từ

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    Không liên quan lắm nhưng hôm trước em mới đăng phân biệt raise/rise thì hôm sau đi học thêm cô chị cho bài đục lỗ có 2 từ này luôn, và chị đã làm đúng :D Thank you so much!!!!
    P/s: trên đời này có nhiều chuyện trùng hợp nhỉ? :)
     
  5. Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn

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    29/7/2018
    rate
    charge/ fee/ rent/ fine/ fare/ toll/ rental

    These are all words for an amount of money that is charged or paid for something.
    rate a fixed amount of money that is asked or paid for something.
    Ex: a low hourly rate of pay
    interest rates
    charge an amount of money that is asked for goods or services.
    Ex: an admission charge
    fee (rather formal) an amount of money that you have to pay for professional advice or services, to go to a school or college, or to join an organization.
    Ex: legal fees
    an annual membership fee
    rent an amount of money that you regularly have to pay for use of a building or room.
    In American English, rent can be used to mean rental
    Ex: The weekly rent on the car was over $300.
    rent or rental:
    In British English rent is only money paid to use a building or room: for other items use rental. In American English rent can be used for both, but rental is still more common for other items.

    fine a sum of money that must be paid as punishment for breaking a law or rule.
    Ex: a parking fine
    fare the money that you pay to travel by bus, plane, taxi, etc.
    toll an amount of money that you have to pay to use a particular road or bridge.
    rental an amount of money that you have to pay to use something for a particular period of time.
    Originally from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary.
    @Sophie Vương, @one_day, @Ye Ye, @phuongdaitt1, @Asuna Yuuki.
     
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  6. Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn

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    8/8/2018
    examine
    analyse/ review/ study/ discuss

    These words all mean to think about, study or describe somebody/something carefully, especially in order to understand them, form an opinion of them or make a decision about them.
    examine to think about, study or describe an idea, subject or piece of work very carefully.
    Ex: These ideas will be examined in more detail in Chapter 10.
    analyse/analyze to examine the nature or structure of something, especially by separating it into its parts, in order to understand or explain it.
    Ex: The job involves gathering and analysing data. He tried to analyse his feelings.
    review to examine something again, especially so that you can decide if it is necessary to make changes.
    Ex: The government will review the situation later in the year.
    study to examine somebody/something in order to understand them or it,
    Ex: We will study the report carefully before making a decision.
    examine or study?
    You examine something in order to understand it or to help other people understand it, for example by describing it in a book; you study something in order to understand it yourself.
    discuss to write or talk about something in detail, showing the different ideas and opinions about it.
    Ex: This topic will be discussed at greater length in the next chapter.
    WARNING!
    You cannot say ‘discuss about something’
    I discussed about my problem with my parents.
    The right way is: I discussed my problem with my parents.
    discuss something with somebody

    From the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary.
    @Sophie Vương, @one_day, @Ye Ye, @phuongdaitt1, @Asuna Yuuki, @Đặng Diệp Linh.
    Thanks!
     
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  7. Nhok Ko tên

    Nhok Ko tên Học sinh chăm học Thành viên

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    bổ ích đấy, nhưng sao bạn nhiều box vậy
     
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  8. Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn

    Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn Á quân kiên cường WC 2018 Thành viên

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    10/8/2018
    compliment/complement
    (n) BrE /ˈkɒmplɪmənt/; NAmE /ˈkɑːmplɪmənt/
    (v) BrE /ˈkɒmplɪment/; NAmE /ˈkɑːmplɪment/
    Usage:
    - (n) to pay somebody a compliment (= to praise them for something)
    - (v) compliment somebody (on something)
    - (n) complement (to something)

    These words have similar spellings but completely different meanings. If you compliment someone, you say something very nice to them.
    Ex: She complimented me on my English.
    If one thing complements another, the two things work or look better because they are together.
    Ex: The different flavours complement each other perfectly.
    The adjectives are also often confused.
    Complimentary
    BrE /ˌkɒmplɪˈmentri/;NAmE /ˌkɑːmplɪˈmentri/

    Ex: She made some very complimentary remarks about my English.
    It can also mean ‘free’
    Ex: There was a complimentary basket of fruit in our room.
    Complementary
    BrE /ˌkɒmplɪˈmentri/; NAmE /ˌkɑːmplɪˈmentri/

    Ex: The team members have different but complementary skills.
    From the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary.
     
    Last edited: 10 Tháng tám 2018
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  9. Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn

    Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn Á quân kiên cường WC 2018 Thành viên

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    10/8/2018
    rob/ steal

    Usage:
    - steal (sth) (from sb/sth)
    - rob sb/sth (of sth)
    Rob and steal both mean ‘take something from someone without permission’.
    - Rob focuses on the place or person from which the thing is taken.
    Ex: The gang robbed three banks over a period of six months, but were finally caught.
    Our local post office was robbed early on Tuesday morning.
    A young woman was attacked and robbed as she walked home from work last night.
    WARNING!
    When we are talking about a house, we use burgle (or burglarize in NAmE)
    Ex: The house was burgled while they were all sleeping.
    Not: The house was robbed...
    - Steal focuses on the thing that is taken.
    Ex: The thieves entered the museum through the roof and stole three paintings worth more than two million euros.
    Our car was stolen from outside our house last week.
    WARNING!
    We usually don’t say rob + object stolen:
    Ex: He stole my wallet.
    Not: He robbed my wallet.
    From: English Grammar Today - Cambridge Dictionary.
    @Sophie Vương, @one_day, @Ye Ye, @phuongdaitt1, @Asuna Yuuki, @Đặng Diệp Linh, @mỳ gói
     
    Last edited: 10 Tháng tám 2018
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  10. Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn

    Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn Á quân kiên cường WC 2018 Thành viên

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    11/8/2018
    quite / fairly / rather / pretty

    Look at these examples:
    The exam was fairly difficult.
    The exam was quite difficult.
    The exam was rather difficult.
    Quite is a little stronger than fairly, and rather is a little stronger than quite.
    Rather is not very common in North American English; pretty has the same meaning and this is used in informal British English, too.
    Ex: The exam was pretty difficult.
    - In British English quite has two meanings.
    Ex: I feel quite tired today(= fairly tired).
    With adjectives that describe an extreme state (‘non-gradable’ adjectives) it means ‘completely’ or ‘absolutely’.
    Ex: I feel quite exhausted.
    With some adjectives, both meanings are possible. The speaker’s stress and intonation will show you which is meant.
    Ex: Your essay is quite good(=fairly good—it could be better).
    Your essay is quite good(= very good, especially when this is unexpected).
    - In North American English quite usually means something like ‘very’, not ‘fairly’ or ‘rather’. Pretty is used instead for this sense.
    Source: Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary.
    @Sophie Vương, @one_day, @Ye Ye, @phuongdaitt1, @Asuna Yuuki, @Đặng Diệp Linh, @mỳ gói, @hip2608
    #phuongdaitt1: mình đóng góp thêm chút xíu nha
    1. Quite: Quite được sử dụng nhiều trong văn viết với nghĩa là "khá". Chúng ta có thể dùng quite trước a/an.
    Ví dụ: My grandparents have quite a big garden.
    Ngoài ra, quite cũng có nghĩa là hoàn toàn (completely). Ví dụ: quite sure đồng nghĩa với hoàn toàn chắc chắn.
    Quite cũng có thể đứng trước động từ.
    Ví dụ: I quite enjoy the badminton match yesterday, but I expected a different result.
    2.Pretty: Mặc dù cũng có nghĩa là "khá" như từ quite, nhưng đây là từ chỉ nên dùng trong văn nói. Bạn thường thấy nó xuất hiện trong các bộ phim tiếng Anh.
    Ví dụ: I meet my girlfriend pretty often.
    3.Rather: Rather thường được dùng cho các trải nghiệm tiêu cực.
    Ví dụ: She is rather over-confident. I think she should listen to others.
    Khi dùng rather để miêu tả trải nghiệm tích cực, nó thường là một trải nghiệm bất ngờ và không mong đợi.
    Ví dụ: This fridge is rather well-designed. Where did you buy it?
    4. Fairly: Fairly mang nghĩa yếu hơn quite/ rather/ pretty. Nó thường miêu tả một điều gì đó dưới sự mong đợi của chúng ta.
    Ví dụ: This car is fairly cheap, but I would like a car with more powerful engines.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 11 Tháng tám 2018
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  11. Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn

    Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn Á quân kiên cường WC 2018 Thành viên

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    2/7/2019
    - continuation = something that continues or follows something else: một sự tiếp nối
    e.g. Her new book is a continuation of her autobiography.
    - continuity = the fact of not stopping or not changing: sự liên tục, không gián đoạn
    e.g. To ensure continuity of care, it is better for a single doctor to treat the patient.
    ---
    - out of danger = not likely to die
    - out of place: không đúng chỗ
    - out of control: mất kiểm soát
    - out of order: đang bị hỏng, không dùng được
    ---
    - coach: HLV thể thao
    - supervisor: đốc công, người giám sát
    - captain: đội trưởng, đại úy
    ---
    - uninterested (+in): không quan tâm, vô tâm
    e.g. She seemed cold and uninterested.
    ---
    - slightly: a little
    e.g. I knew her slightly.
    - scarcely: chỉ mới, vỏn vẹn
    e.g. There was scarcely a tree left standing after the storm.
     
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  12. Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn

    Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn Á quân kiên cường WC 2018 Thành viên

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    18/7/2019
    If You Were Laid Off, You Weren't Fired

    (Tìm bài viết này trên google (job-hunt.org) để hiểu sâu hơn)
    - lay sb ↔ off: to stop employing somebody because there is not enough work for them to do
    ===> Đuổi việc không phải vì lỗi của bạn, mà vì không đủ việc để làm, như kiểu lọc mem ý
    e.g: 200 workers at the factory have been laid off.
    - fire sb: to force somebody to leave their job
    ===> Nguyên do không phải là lọc mem, có thể là vì bạn không đủ năng lực, hoặc bộ máy không phù hợp, có thể vì cả hai bên
    e.g: We had to fire him for dishonesty.
     
  13. Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn

    Tuấn Anh Phan Nguyễn Á quân kiên cường WC 2018 Thành viên

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    14/8/2019
    as a whole/ on a whole

    - as a whole: as one thing or piece and not as separate parts
    Ex: The festival will be great for our city and for the country as a whole.
    on the whole: considering everything; in general
    Ex: On the whole, I'm in favour of the idea.
    (Extracted from Oxford Dict.)
     
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