English THCS Reading

Thảo luận trong 'Hỏi - Đáp Tiếng Anh THCS' bắt đầu bởi Zelly Nguyễn, 28 Tháng mười 2021.

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  1. Zelly Nguyễn

    Zelly Nguyễn Học sinh Thành viên

    Bài viết:
    165
    Điểm thành tích:
    31
    Nơi ở:
    Hưng Yên
    Trường học/Cơ quan:
    THCS Nam Hồng
    [TẶNG BẠN] TRỌN BỘ Bí kíp học tốt 08 môn

    [NÓNG!!!] Mừng Tết Xanh - Tranh Quà Khủng


    Bạn đang TÌM HIỂU về nội dung bên dưới? NẾU CHƯA HIỂU RÕ hãy ĐĂNG NHẬP NGAY để được HỖ TRỢ TỐT NHẤT. Hoàn toàn miễn phí!

    Bird migration is one of the most interesting yet least understood natural phenomena. Every fall birds from northern latitudes fly in groups to the warmer southern latitudes and then return north in the spring. Scientists agree on the main reasons for migration: to follow the food supply and to avoid harsh climate conditions. For example, insects disappear during the cold months, prompting insect-dependent birds to fly south to warm areas where insects breed. No similar consensus has emerged, however, about how birds are able to navigate. Despite many recent experiments, bird experts still do not know how birds arrive at the same destinations every year and then find their way back home in the spring.
    Some have suggested that birds find their way by following landmarks, such as rivers and mountain ranges. Experiments have confirmed that some species do follow such topographic features. But that method cannot explain how some birds travel at night. Other studies show that some nocturnal birds navigate by the stars. But that explanation cannot explain daytime migration or travel when the skies are cloudy.
    The most popular explanation currently is that birds are guided by Earth’s magnetic poles. The mechanism by which that works has not yet been proved. One theory points to the fact that some birds’ contain magnetite, a naturally occurring magnetic compound consisting of iron oxide. Magnetite has been found in many animals, including birds. With magnets embedded in their brains, birds would be able to sense the magnetic fields of the North and South Poles.
    A recent experiment with homing pigeons provided some evidence that magnetite does play a crucial role in migration. Homing pigeons are known to have the ability to return to their homes after being taken hundreds of miles away. Researchers found that they could train homing pigeons to recognize changes in a magnetic field. When a surrounding magnetic field was normal, the birds would gather at one end of a cage. But when the field’s polarity was altered, they hopped to the other end, suggesting that they were directing and responding to changes in the magnetic field.
    Another theory has been offered to explain this sensitivity to magnetic poles, a theory that draws upon quantum mechanics, which is the study of how particles move inside an atom. It relies on the fact that electrons come in pairs that orbits the nucleus of an atom. The two electrons spin in opposite directions, creating two magnets that neutralize each other. But when molecules split and react with other molecules to form compounds, the electrons pairs may no longer spin in opposite directions. Instead, they may repel each other, as when two north ends of magnets are pressed together. The electrons struggle to change direction in order to achieve a stable state in which the two electrons again neutralize each other, giving off no magnetic field.
    1.The author discusses “homing pigeons” in paragraph 4 in order to
    A.provide an example of how humans can train birds
    B.describe an experiment showing the importance of magnetite
    C.show that homing pigeons return home by following landmarks
    D.report homing pigeons’ behavior inside a cage
    2.According to the passage, all of the following are theories about how birds navigate EXCEPT:
    A.They follow landmarks like rivers and mountains
    B.They are guided by their position relative to the stars
    C.They feel vibrations in nerve endings in their brains
    D.They respond to changes in light
    3.According to paragraph 4, the pigeons moved to the opposite end of a cage because
    A.The magnetic field was normal
    B.The magnetic field was stronger at one end
    C.The magnetic field changed its polarity
    D.The magnetic field was removed
    4.The word “altered” in the passage is closest in meaning to
    A.reversed B.cancelled C.strengthened D.detected
    5.Which of the following can be inferred about an electron pair in two north ends of magnets?
    A.The two electrons spin in opposite directions
    B.One electron will move to the south end
    C.One electron will be captured by the nucleus
    D.The two electrons spin in the same direction
     
    Trịnh Đức Minh thích bài này.
  2. Trịnh Đức Minh

    Trịnh Đức Minh TMod Anh Cu li diễn đàn

    Bài viết:
    409
    Điểm thành tích:
    101
    Nơi ở:
    Đắk Lắk
    Trường học/Cơ quan:
    FTU2

    Bird migration is one of the most interesting yet least understood natural phenomena. Every fall birds from northern latitudes fly in groups to the warmer southern latitudes and then return north in the spring. Scientists agree on the main reasons for migration: to follow the food supply and to avoid harsh climate conditions. For example, insects disappear during the cold months, prompting insect-dependent birds to fly south to warm areas where insects breed. No similar consensus has emerged, however, about how birds are able to navigate. Despite many recent experiments, bird experts still do not know how birds arrive at the same destinations every year and then find their way back home in the spring.
    Some have suggested that birds find their way by following landmarks, such as rivers and mountain ranges. Experiments have confirmed that some species do follow such topographic features. But that method cannot explain how some birds travel at night. Other studies show that some nocturnal birds navigate by the stars. But that explanation cannot explain daytime migration or travel when the skies are cloudy. (màu đỏ là dẫn chứng cho câu 2).
    The most popular explanation currently is that birds are guided by Earth’s magnetic poles. The mechanism by which that works has not yet been proved. One theory points to the fact that some birds’ contain magnetite, a naturally occurring magnetic compound consisting of iron oxide. Magnetite has been found in many animals, including birds. With magnets embedded in their brains, birds would be able to sense the magnetic fields of the North and South Poles.
    A recent experiment with homing pigeons provided some evidence that magnetite does play a crucial role in migration(dẫn chứng cho câu 1). Homing pigeons are known to have the ability to return to their homes after being taken hundreds of miles away. Researchers found that they could train homing pigeons to recognize changes in a magnetic field. When a surrounding magnetic field was normal, the birds would gather at one end of a cage. But when the field’s polarity was altered, they hopped to the other end, suggesting that they were directing and responding to changes in the magnetic field(dẫn chứng cho câu 3).
    Another theory has been offered to explain this sensitivity to magnetic poles, a theory that draws upon quantum mechanics, which is the study of how particles move inside an atom. It relies on the fact that electrons come in pairs that orbits the nucleus of an atom. The two electrons spin in opposite directions, creating two magnets that neutralize each other. But when molecules split and react with other molecules to form compounds, the electrons pairs may no longer spin in opposite directions. Instead, they may repel each other, as when two north ends of magnets are pressed together(dẫn chứng câu 5). The electrons struggle to change direction in order to achieve a stable state in which the two electrons again neutralize each other, giving off no magnetic field.
    1.The author discusses “homing pigeons” in paragraph 4 in order to
    A.provide an example of how humans can train birds
    B.describe an experiment showing the importance of magnetite
    C.show that homing pigeons return home by following landmarks
    D.report homing pigeons’ behavior inside a cage
    2.According to the passage, all of the following are theories about how birds navigate EXCEPT:
    A.They follow landmarks like rivers and mountains
    B.They are guided by their position relative to the stars
    C.They feel vibrations in nerve endings in their brains
    D.They respond to changes in light
    3.According to paragraph 4, the pigeons moved to the opposite end of a cage because
    A.The magnetic field was normal
    B.The magnetic field was stronger at one end
    C.The magnetic field changed its polarity
    D.The magnetic field was removed
    4.The word “altered” in the passage is closest in meaning to
    A.reversed B.cancelled C.strengthened D.detected
    5.Which of the following can be inferred about an electron pair in two north ends of magnets?
    A.The two electrons spin in opposite directions
    B.One electron will move to the south end
    C.One electron will be captured by the nucleus
    D.The two electrons spin in the same direction

    Bạn có thể tham khảo tài liệu các môn khác tại: https://diendan.hocmai.vn/threads/t...o-ban-hoan-toan-mien-phi.827998/#post-4045397

    Chúc bạn học tốt!
     
  3. 0989219321

    0989219321 Học sinh Thành viên

    Bài viết:
    40
    Điểm thành tích:
    21
    Nơi ở:
    Bình Dương

    Anh ơi qua giải hộ em bài này với ạ Trịnh Đức Minh
     
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