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Thư viện đề thi, tài liệu tiếng anh

Thảo luận trong 'Thảo luận - Chia sẻ' bắt đầu bởi phantrang97, 12 Tháng bảy 2011.

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  1. phantrang97

    phantrang97 Guest

    Hướng dẫn Cách gõ công thức Toán học, Vật lý, Hóa học forum mới


    Mình lập ra topic này mong các bạn cùng nhau chia sẻ các tài liệu, đề thi tiếng anh để giúp đỡ nhau trong học tập,nâng cao kiến thức về tiếng anh.



    Lưu ý:
    - Chỉ post đề thi thôi bạn nhé!
    - Các bạn nhớ ghi đó là đề thi, tài liệu về vấn đề gì nhé!


    Mong các bạn sẽ nhiệt tình ủng hộ cho topic này!Thanks
    :khi (176)::khi (176)::khi (176):
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 12 Tháng bảy 2011
  2. phantrang97

    phantrang97 Guest


    đề cương ôn tập hk2 tiếng anh 8

    Mình mở hàng luôn nha!

    ĐỀ CƯƠNG ÔN TẬP HK2 TIẾNG ANH 8​


    I. Choose the best answers:

    1. She had a bad cut on her head. It’s (aching/ hurting/ bleeding) badly.
    2. What type of the garbage can you put in the compost? (vegetable matter/ fabric/ plastic)
    3. (Nha Trang/ Ha Long/ Da Lat) was recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
    4. (Chicago/ San Francisco/ New York) is often called “The Windy City”.
    5. In the Rice- cooking festival, there are (two/ three/ four) competitions.
    6. The Golren Gate Bridge is in (New York/ Washington/ Paris).
    7. Computers are (useful/ harmful/ bad).
    8. The (Pyramid/ Statue of Zeus/ Hanging Garden of Babilon) is the only wonder you can still see today.
    9 He was watching TV….. when I came.(a. when b. why c. that)
    10. After the clothes have been washed they….. out to dry.(a. hung b. are hung c.are hunged)
    11…. you let me take a photogragh of you? (a. Will b. Shall c. May)
    12. She is out. She said she…… back soon. (a. is b. would c. came.)
    13. He explained to us….. to get the airport.(a. how b. how can c. how can we.)
    14. The car….. already. (a. has been repaired b. has repaired c. was repaired)
    15. …….. you done your homework yet? (a. Do b. Has c. Have)
    16. They asked me……. my mother worked in the hospital. (a. if b. whether c. where)
    17. Milk... to the houses by the milkman every day.(a. bring b. is bring c. is brought d. has brought)
    18. We were delighted............ your letter last week.(a. getting b. to get c. get d. got)
    19. “ Would you like to go to the movies tonight?”
    “I’m sorry, I can’t. I...... my homework this evening.”(a. am doing b. do c. will do d. doing)
    20. Milk bottles can be… after being cleaned.(a. recycled b. thrown away c. broken d. reused)
    21. This project...... next month. (a. is carried out b. will carry out c. carries out d. will be carried out
    22. It’s dangerous........... in this river. (a. swim b. to swim c. swimming d. swam)
    23. We are looking forward to ........ you in June.(a. seeing b. see c. saw d. be seen)
    24. It’s too cold outside. ...........................? _ Sure. I’ll do it right now.
    a. Would you like to shut the windows. b. Will you shut the windows. please?
    c. Shall I shut the windows? d. Can I shut the windows?
    25. Millions of Christmas cards……………..every year. (a. were sent b. are sent c. send d. is sending)
    26. I don’t know how…………….. the game. (a. playing b. to play c. played d. can I play)
    27. The Pyramids of Cheops is one of the seven …………….. of the world.
    a. Pyramids b. temples c. landmarks d. wonders
    28. She asked me ……a driving licence.(a. If I have b. whether I have c. If I had d. whether I have had)
    29. These computers are made_______Australia.(a. in b. from c. of d. by)
    30. The —— festival is a festival in which people have their bulls fight against each other.
    a. whale watching b. bull-fighting c. mountain-climbing d. ice skating


    II. Give the correct form of the words.

    1. Is Petronas Twin Towers the………… building in the world? high
    2. There are a lot of ………………festivals in Vietnam. tradition
    3. Paris is ………………for the Eiffel Tower. fame
    4. Sapa is a wonderful ………………….resort in Vietnam. mountain


    III. Use the correct ver form:

    1. Can you (show)……………………………….. me the way to the park?
    2. Would you mind (get)…………………………..….. me some water?
    3. Would you mind if I (use)………………………………..……. your pen?
    4. She just (come)…………………………..…. back from America.
    5. She showed me where (buy)…………………………………………. tickets.
    6. When I (get)………….… home, my brother (talk)………………………….. with my mother on phone.
    7. It’s dangerous (drive)…………………………... a car too fast.
    8. They (visit)……………………….. Ha Long next summer.
    9. Mai often (go)……………. to the library because she (like)…………….… (read)……………………..… books.
    10. The man (talk)………………….... to mary in her brother. He has a car (make)…………………….. in America.
    11. This house is quite old. It (build) ………………………………..over 100 years ago.
    12. You should learn how (use) ……………………………..the computer.
    13. Jane is trying (avoid) ……………………….( meet) ………………………him.
    14. While my sister and I (watch)……………. …. a movie on TV last night, our uncle in the USA (phone)……..
    15. Halong Bay in Vietnam (be) ……a World Heritage Site. It (visit)…………. by millions of people every year.


    IV. Rewrite the sentences:

    1. “ Do you often go to school by bike , Phuong . ?” Hoa said .
    2. “ Don’t ride your bike to school too fast .” my parents said .
    3. ‘My family will visit Ha long bay next month” Thu said .
    4. Will you repair my bike, please?=>- Would you mind…
    5. “Can you wash the dishes, please?” =>- She asked me…
    6. “Is Ha Noi the capital of Viet Nam?” =>- Peter asked Mary…
    7. “I live in Dong Anh town.” =>- Hoa said…
    8. To play games with friends is interesting.=>- It’s…
    9. “You should do morning exercises.”=>- The doctor advised me…
    10. They held a contest in which the participants have to arrange flowers.-> It’s…
    11. She told us about her trip in Ha Long . => We ……………………………..
    12. “ We are playing chess now” Nam said .
    13. “ Can you tell me the way to the post office ? “ he said to me . => He told …..
    14. He has finished his homework. =>His ……………………………………………
    15. “ Are you doing your homework now?” he said to his friend . =>He asked
    16. We haven’t met him for two years. =>The last time …………………………….
    17. “ could you show me how to use the sewing machine ?” Nga said to Trang
    18. “ will you have a birthday party on your next birthday , Mai ?” Hang said .
    19. “ These flowers are very beautiful .” She said .
    20. “ Can you open your bag , please ?’’ the police said .


    V. Pronunciaton: Which is different?

    1. a. arrange b. age c. name d. canyon
    2. a. seven b. level c. next d. ruler
    3. a. god b. professor c. correct d. honor
    4. a. enjoyed b. performed c. finished d. urged
    5. a. ancient b. century c. center d. rice
    6. a. marine b. memorial c. pyramid d. statue
    7. a. edge b. return c. temple d. temperate
    8. a. jungle b. sunny c. bus d. surrounding
    9. a. guessed b. moved c. used d. compiled
    10. a. heritage b. hike c. honor d. hundred


    VI. Read and answer the questions:

    1. In London, tourists often visit different parts of the capital by undrground. Covern Garden, a popular tourist attraction, is in the center of London. There are shops and cafes there. There is an underground nearby. A lot of tourists also visit London’s historic biuldings. Buckingham Palace is Queen’s official residence. There is a flag which shows the Queen is at home.

    1. How do tourists often travel in London?
    2. Where is Covern Garden?
    3. Are there many shops and caffes in the center of the city?
    4. What shows when the Queen is at home?

    2. How Nam has improved his English.
    “…In the first year of lower secondary school I had some difficulties in learning English. My pronunciation of English words was really bad and my English grammar was worse. I did not know how to improve them. One afternoon, after the lesson, my teacher of English told me to wait for her outside the classroom. She took me to the school library and showed me cassettes of pronunciation drills kept in a glass bookcase. She also told me how to use an English – English dictionary to improve my English grammar. “

    Questions:
    1. What difficulties did Nam have in learning English in the first year?
    2. Who wanted to meet him one afternoon after the lesson?
    3. Where did they go after that?
    4. What did she tell him to improve his English grammar?


    VII. Complete the passage with the words given:

    Night, about, can, clock, has, London, named, was, next , to , the:
    The world’s most famous….., Big Ben, stands… the Houses of Parliaments in…
    Big Ben is the name of……. bell which chimes every hour. The bell was…….. after Sir Benjamin Hall, the man who…… given the task of hauling the bell up the clock tower.
    The clock…… four faces and keep accurate time. It….. be adjusted by the removal or addtion of the coins on a tray attached to the clock pendulum. One interesting thing ………… the clock is that when the light shines above the belfry at…………….., it means that the House of Common is still in session.


    VIII . Change these sentences into passive voice

    Ex1: Change these sentences into passive voice:

    1. My grandfather planted this tree.
    2. They haven’t collected the rubbish./ Nobody has collected the rubbish.
    3. Are you using recycled paper?
    4. Will they build a new school very soon?
    5. We do a lot of work every day.
    6. They cut down many trees to make paper.
    7. People consider English the most international language.
    8. You should shut these doors before 5 pm.
    9. Pollution from factories has destroyed many lakes and rivers.
    10. Hung gave me a beautiful glass on my birthday.

    Ex2: Rewrite the sentences, use the verbs in passive form with:
    will/ can/ should/ must + be+ past participle:
    1. Somebody will clean the room later.
    2. You mustn’t open this parcel until Christmas Day.
    3. They can’t make tea with cold water.
    4. The students will hold a meeting before the Teacher’s Day.
    5. People can recycle tires to make pipes or floor covering.
    6. They should send applications before December 30th .
    7. The manager must sign the contract today.
    8. They will build the new bridge by the end of the year.
    9. We should use cloth bags instead of plastic bags.
    10. We can use the garbage to make fertilizer.


    IX. There is a mistake in the four underlined parts of each sentence. Find and correct it.

    1. I are going to spend my vacation in DaLat next week.
    A B C D
    2. My sister is studying very hard in order getting scholarship at university.
    A B C D
    3. The book writing by Jack London is very popular in the world.
    A B C D
    16. James should be tell the news as soon as possible.
    A B C D
    17. The assistant asked Helen whether those shoes was too small for her.
    A B C D

    18. It was late, so we decided taking a taxi home.
    A B C D
    19. I don’t know who wrote the song, but I’ll try and find about.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 19 Tháng bảy 2011
  3. phantrang97

    phantrang97 Guest


    đề thi vào trường chuyên

    I. CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER TO FILL IN THE BLANK. (40 PTS)

    1. They seemed to be _______ to the criticism and just carried on as before.
    A. disinterested B. indifferent C. sensitive D. uncaring
    2. He spoke _______ all the families who had lost relatives in the disaster.
    A. with a view to B. in respect of C. on behalf of D. in aid of
    3. They are very good friends but in terms of sports they are worlds _______.
    A. away B. separate C. apart D. different
    4. The operation was doomed to failure from the word _______.
    A. go B. start C. begin D. now
    5. Her penknife came in very _______ when they were on their picnic.
    A. useful B. handy C. practical D. convenient
    6. The doctor was unable to go away for the weekend because she was _______ duty.
    A. at B. by C. in D. on
    7. She is too ________ to hide what she thinks about them.
    A. quiet B. outspoken C. apologetic D. broadminded
    8. The little boy _______ into tears when he thought that he was lost.
    A. burst B. fell C. broke D. dripped
    9. The film _______ a lot of attention.
    A. generated B. manufactured C. promoted D. brought
    10. All the engineers were happy because they finally made _______.
    A. a breakthrough B. an outburst C. a viewpoint D. an outcome
    11. Tom: Jane’s daughter is very rude. Mary: You’re right; she has no manners _______.
    A. however B. whatsoever C. whenever D. evermore
    12. Because of her recent poor form, she is only expected to come fourth _______.
    A. at least B. at best C. at worst D. at will
    13. I’m in no _______ this evening to listen to his silly jokes.
    A. feeling B. tendency C. mood D. opinion
    14. _______ was the effect more powerfully felt than in the suburbs.
    A. Nowhere B. Somewhere C. Anywhere D. Everywhere
    15. _______ the choice, I would definitely not go.
    A. Giving B. Having given C. Given D. Being given
    16. Tom: The building’s nearly finished, isn’t it? Mary: Yes, but it’ll be ________ we can move in.
    A. to much time till B. a long time before C. hardly time when D. very soon that
    17. Tom: Is your government salary good? Mary: Yes, but I don’t make as much ________ worked in private industry.
    A. as I B. if I would have C. I would if D. as I would if I
    18. Tom: Betty didn’t win the beauty contest of Singapore. Mary: She would have ________ some talent.
    A. had she have B. have she had C. had she had D. have she have
    19. Tom: I saw you studying at the library last night. Mary: You ________; I wasn’t there.
    A. wouldn’t have B. can’t have C. might have D. have
    20. Tom: What’s all the noise about? Mary: We had a bad accident _______ at the factory.
    A. happened B. happening C. happen D. has happened
    21. Tom: Can you wait while I run into the library? Mary: OK, _______ you hurry.
    A. even though B. as long as C. when D. unless
    22. Tom: Do you know where Barb is? Mary: Strange _______ sound, she is in South Africa.
    A. may it B. as it may C. like it may D. does it
    23. Tom: Who did you invite to dinner? Mary: No one _______ than Frank and his family.
    A. rather B. except C. besides D. other
    24. Tom: A lot of money goes for AIDS research.
    Mary: Yes, because it’s _____ the government is spending a lot to find a cure.
    A. a so serious disease B. so serious a disease C. so a serious disease D. such serious that
    25. Tom: Which is more important: luck or effort? Mary: Luck is _______ effort.
    A. on the same importance B. the same importance as
    C. of the same importance as D. as the same importance as
    26. This is the latest news from Timbuktu. Two-thirds of the city _______ in a fire.
    A. was destroyed B. have been destroyed C. has been destroyed D. were destroyed
    27. There was no alternative _______ wait until the rescue team came.
    A. but B. but to C. than to D. than
    28. _______ his invaluable work, the project would never have succeeded.
    A. For all B. In view of C. But for D. Provided with
    29. This is the only party ______ in my life.
    A. I never enjoy B. I ever enjoy C. I’ve never enjoyed D. I’ve ever really enjoyed
    30. “So long!” is another way of saying _______.
    A. Hello! B. Cheer up! C. I’m very happy. D. Goodbye!
    31. Tom: Take care of yourself. Mary: _______.
    A. I will B. Yes, I do C. Not bad D. You’re welcome
    32. Tom: Can I have your order, please? Mary: _______
    A. Two chickens, please. B. I’ll do it right away.
    C. Yes, sir. D. Just do whatever you want to.
    33. Tom: You really disappointed me with your behavior. Mary: I know. I _________ so immaturely yesterday.
    A. mustn’t have behaved B. shouldn’t have behaved
    C. shouldn’t behave D. ought not to behave
    34. It was in the countryside _______.
    A. where John was brought up B. John was grown up
    C. that John was brought up D. which John was grown up at
    35. I don’t know how you manage to _______ on only £50 a week.
    A. get by B. take in C. cut down D. look down
    36. The plumber came yesterday to _______ the burst pipes.
    A. turn off B. look into C. get over D. see to
    37. I’m afraid I haven’t got time to _______ the matter right now.
    A. go into B. look for C. turn over D. clean out
    38. Our school doesn’t break _______ until the end of July.
    A. out B. in C. off D. up
    39. The government is to bring _______ the necessary laws to deal with the problem.
    A. down B. to C. up D. in
    40. Do _______ your shoe laces, or you will tumble over them.
    A. with B. up C. about D. on


    II. CHOOSE THE SUITABLE WORD TO FILL IN EACH BLANK. (30 PTS)

    Research has shown that over half the children in Britain who take their own lunches to school do not eat (1) ___ in
    the middle of the day. In Britain schools have to (2) ___ meals at lunchtime. Children can (3) ___ to bring their own food or
    have lunch at the school canteen.
    One shocking (4) ___ of this research is that school meals are much healthier than lunches prepared by parents.
    There are strict (5) ___ for the preparation of school meals, which have to include one (6) ___ of fruit and one of vegetables,
    as well as meat, a dairy item and starchy food like bread or pasta. Lunchboxes (7) ___ by researchers contained sweet
    drinks, crisps and chocolate bars. Children (8) ___ twice as much sugar as they should at lunchtime.
    The research will provide a better (9) ___ of why the percentage of overweight students in Britain has (10) ___ in
    the last decade. Unfortunately, the government cannot (11) ___ parents, but it can remind them of the (12) ___ value of
    milk, fruit and vegetables. Small changes in their children’s diet can (13) ___ their future health. Children can easily develop
    bad eating (14) ___ at this age, and parents are the only ones who can (15) ___ it.
    1. A. appropriately B. properly C. probably D. possibly
    2. A. take B. provide C. make D. do
    3. A. prefer B. offer C. prepare D. choose
    4. A. finding B. number C. figure D. outcome
    5. A. standards B. procedures C. conditions D. regulations
    6. A. piece B. portion C. helping D. amount
    7. A. examined B. eaten C. taken D. investigated
    8. A. take B. contain C. consume D. use
    9. A. view B. knowledge C. understanding D. opinion
    10. A. increased B. expanded C. raised D. added
    11. A. criticize B. instruct C. order D. tell
    12. A. nutritional B. healthy C. mental D. physical
    13. A. kill B. effect C. destroy D. affect
    14. A. behaviors B. styles C. attitudes D. habits
    15. A. prevent B. cancel C. stop D. delay


    III. IDENTIFY THE MISTAKE IN EACH SENTENCE. (20 PTS)

    1. They asked me (A) what did happen (B) the last night, but I was (C) unable to (D) tell them.
    2. The (A) test administrator ordered (B) that we (C) not to open our books until he told (D) us to do so.
    3. (A) Our new neighbors (B) had been living in Arizona (C) for ten years (D) before moving their present house.
    4. I (A) would attend (B) the meeting last week, but I had to (C) make a speech at still (D) another meeting.
    5. We (A) are supposed to read all of (B) chapter seventh and (C) answer the questions (D) for tomorrow’s class.
    tuoitre.vn
    3
    6. Mexican (A) jumping beans are (B) actually seeds (C) in which contain moth larvae (D) whose activity causes the
    seeds to jump.
    7. Science fiction is any (A) fiction dealing with the future or with (B) so imaginative subjects as interstellar travel,
    (C) life on other planets, (D) or time travel.
    8. Approximately fifty percent of the (A) package (B) utilized in the United States are for (C) foods and (D) beverages.
    9. Studies (A) of either vision and physical optics (B) began almost (C) as early as civilization (D) itself.
    10. (A) Because the expense of (B) traditional fuels and the (C) concern that they may run out, many countries (D) have
    been investigating alternative source of power.
    ________________________________
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 19 Tháng bảy 2011
  4. phantrang97

    phantrang97 Guest


    đề thi vào trường chuyên

    IV. SUPPLY THE APPROPRIATE FORMS OF WORDS IN THE BRACKETS. (30 PTS)

    1. Such a kind man would never __________ hurt his friend’s feelings. (INTEND)
    2. The scenery along the coast was __________. (BREATHE)
    3. Because of a car __________, she didn’t get to the airport in time for her flights. (BREAK)
    4. The ________ need assistance from the whole society. (POVERTY)
    5. Her bedroom is __________ decorated with her favorite souvenirs from her trips. (PLEASE)
    6. We are offering many special price __________ on printers this month. (REDUCE)
    7. Students hate their classmates who get __________ treatment from their teachers. (PREFER)
    8. Explosives are __________ weapons. (DIE)
    9. Three of the __________ tried to escape through the window. (CAPTURE)
    10. We were all surprised at her __________ to help. (REFUSE)
    11. Health care was __________ in ancient time. There was no hospital or doctor then. (EXIST)
    12. What the teacher does first is to check __________ of the students. (ATTEND)
    13. The company went bankrupt on account of inefficient __________. (MANAGE)
    14. __________ are built to entertain and educate people about marine life. (AQUATIC)
    15. The educational program we are launching is to __________ teenage girls in rural areas. (POWER)


    V. READ THE FOLLOWING PASSAGE AND CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWERS TO THE QUESTIONS. (20 PTS)

    The development of jazz can be seen as part of the larger continuum of American popular music, especially
    dance music. In the twenties, jazz became the hottest new thing in dance music, much as ragtime had at the turn of
    the century, and as would rhythm and blues in the fifties, rock in the fifties, and disco in the seventies.
    But two characteristics distinguish jazz from other dance music. The first is improvisation, the changing of a
    musical phrase according to the player’s inspiration. Like all artists, jazz musicians strive for an individual style, and
    the improvise or paraphrase is a jazz musician’s main opportunity to display his or her individuality. In early jazz,
    musicians often improvised melodies collectively, thus creating a kind of polyphony. There was little soloing as such,
    although some New Orleans players, particularly cornet player Buddy Bolden, achieved local fame for their ability to
    improvise a solo. Later the idea of the chorus-long or multichorus solo took hold. Louis Armstrong’s instrumental
    brilliance, demonstrated through extended solos, was a major influence in this development. Even in the early
    twenties, however, some jazz bands had featured soloists. Similarly, show orchestras and carnival bands often
    included one or two such “get-off” musicians. Unimproved, completely structured jazz does exist, but the ability of the
    best jazz musicians to create music of great cohesion and beauty during performance has been a hallmark of the
    music and its major source of inspiration and change.
    The second distinguishing characteristic of jazz is a rhythmic drive that was initially called “hot” and later
    “swing”. In playing hot, a musician consciously departs from strict meter to create a relaxed sense of phrasing that
    also emphasizes the underlying rhythms. (“Rough” tone and use of moderate vibrato also contributed to a hot
    sound.) Not all jazz is hot, however, many early bands played unadorned published arrangements of popular songs.
    Still, the proclivity to play hot distinguished the jazz musician from other instrumentalists.
    1. The passage answers which of the following questions?
    A. Which early jazz musicians most Influenced rhythm and blues music?
    B. What are the differences between jazz and other forms of music?
    C. Why is dancing closely related to popular music in the United States?
    D. What instruments comprised a typical jazz band of the 1920′s?
    2. Which of the following appeared before jazz as a popular music for dancing?
    A. Disco B. Rock C. Rhythm and blues D. Ragtime
    3. According to the passage, jazz musicians are able to demonstrate their individual artistry mainly by?
    A. creating musical variations while performing B. preparing musical arrangements
    C. reading music with great skill D. being able to play all types of popular music
    4. Which of the following was the function of “get-off” musicians line 12?
    A. Assist the other band members in packing up after a performance
    B. Teach dance routines created for new music
    C. Lead the band
    D. Provide solo performances in a band or orchestra
    5. Which two types of music developed around the same time?
    A. jazz / rock B. dance / rhythm & blue
    C. rock / rhythm & blue D. jazz / dance
    6. Louis Armstrong was mentioned as an influential musician of
    A. “hot” or “swing” jazz B. chorus-long jazz C. structured jazz D. soloing jazz
    7. The word “consciously” in line 16 is closest in meaning to
    A. carelessly B. easily C. periodically D. purposely
    8. The word “unadorned” in line 18 is closest in meaning to
    A. lovely B. plain C. disorganized D. inexpensive
    9. Which of the following terms is defined in the passage?
    A. “improvisation” (line 4) B. “polyphony” (line 7)
    C. “cornet player” (line D. “multichorus” (line 9)
    10. The topic of the passage is developed primarily by means of
    A. dividing the discussion into two major areas B. presenting contrasting points of views
    C. providing biographies of famous musician D. describing historical events in sequence


    VI. SUPPLY EACH BLANK WITH ONE SUITABLE WORD. (30 PTS)

    Illiteracy is the condition of being (1)________ to read and write. Illiteracy is also (2)________ to describe the
    condition of being ignorant or unknowledgeable in a particular subject or field. Computer illiteracy is (3)________ inability to
    use a computer programming language.
    Most of us (4)________ use computers know how to send emails, or how to create a new folder. But we know
    (5)________ about programming languages, the artificial languages used to write instructions that can be executed by a
    computer. Even in technologically (6)________ countries, a very small percentage of computer users are able to read or
    write this kind of computer language. Should we (7)________ the effort to learn a computer language, especially when
    these are so complicated? The answer is (8)________. Because of computer illiteracy, users are at the (9)________ of
    software manufacturers. Our society becomes more dependent on information (10)________, and in a few years’
    (11)________, reading and writing a computer language will be as essential (12)________ using a human language.
    Computer users will not be able to survive (13)________ they know the code – the set of detailed instructions that tell a
    computer what to do. In the (14)________, survival and professional success will presuppose knowing everything about the
    machines we (15)________ with.


    VII. REWRITE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES WITHOUT CHANGING THE MEANING. IN SOME QUESTIONS,
    YOU HAVE TO USE THE GIVEN WORDS WITHOUT CHANGING THEIR FORMS IN ANY WAY. (30 PTS)


    1. Thanks to her mother’s encouragement, she entered the beauty contest.
    Had it ____________________________________________________________________
    2. She’ll probably pass the high school entrance examination. (STANDS)
    _____________________________________________________________________
    3. She was just as good as they had thought.
    ð She quite definitely came ____________________________________________________
    4. The “environmentally friendly” label on this product is misleading.
    Despite what is printed ______________________________________________________
    5. She was afraid to scream because she didn’t want to wake up the neighbors. (FEAR)
    ________________________________________________________________
    6. When you arrive, you will be met by the Head of the Sales Department.
    On __________________________________________________________________
    7. People estimate that the company manufactured more than 5,000 small planes last year.
    More than 5,000 small planes _________________________________________________
    8. There have been fewer people who consume Chinese products. (DECREASE)
    _____________________________________________________________________
    9. They brought me two laptops, but neither worked satisfactorily. (WHICH)
    ____________________________________________________________________
    10. Do phone us when you arrive at the airport, even if it’s very late.
    However _____________________________
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 19 Tháng bảy 2011
  5. diema3

    diema3 Guest


    I. CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER TO FILL IN THE BLANK. (40 PTS)
    1. They seemed to be _______ to the criticism and just carried on as before.
    A. disinterested B. indifferent ( thờ ơ ) C. sensitive D. uncaring
    2. He spoke _______ all the families who had lost relatives in the disaster.
    A. with a view to B. in respect of C. on behalf of D. in aid of
    3. They are very good friends but in terms of sports they are worlds _______.
    A. away B. separate C. apart D. different
    4. The operation was doomed to failure from the word _______.
    A. go B. start C. begin D. now
    5. Her penknife came in very _______ when they were on their picnic.
    A. useful B. handy C. practical D. convenient
    6. The doctor was unable to go away for the weekend because she was _______ duty.
    A. at B. by C. in D. on
    7. She is too ________ to hide what she thinks about them.
    A. quiet B. outspoken C. apologetic D. broadminded
    8. The little boy _______ into tears when he thought that he was lost.
    A. burst B. fell C. broke D. dripped
    9. The film _______ a lot of attention.
    A. generated B. manufactured C. promoted D. brought
    10. All the engineers were happy because they finally made _______.
    A. a breakthrough B. an outburst C. a viewpoint D. an outcome
    11. Tom: Jane’s daughter is very rude. Mary: You’re right; she has no manners _______.
    A. however B. whatsoever C. whenever D. evermore
    12. Because of her recent poor form, she is only expected to come fourth _______.
    A. at least B. at best C. at worst D. at will
    13. I’m in no _______ this evening to listen to his silly jokes.
    A. feeling B. tendency C. mood D. opinion
    14. _______ was the effect more powerfully felt than in the suburbs.
    A. Nowhere B. Somewhere C. Anywhere D. Everywhere
    15. _______ the choice, I would definitely not go.
    A. Giving B. Having given C. Given D. Being given
    16. Tom: The building’s nearly finished, isn’t it? Mary: Yes, but it’ll be ________ we can move in.
    A. to much time till B. a long time before C. hardly time when D. very soon that
    17. Tom: Is your government salary good? Mary: Yes, but I don’t make as much ________ worked in private industry.
    A. as I B. if I would have C. I would if D. as I would if I
    18. Tom: Betty didn’t win the beauty contest of Singapore. Mary: She would have ________ some talent.
    A. had she have B. have she had C. had she had D. have she have
    19. Tom: I saw you studying at the library last night. Mary: You ________; I wasn’t there.
    A. wouldn’t have B. can’t have C. might have D. have
    20. Tom: What’s all the noise about? Mary: We had a bad accident _______ at the factory.
    A. happened B. happening C. happen D. has happened
    21. Tom: Can you wait while I run into the library? Mary: OK, _______ you hurry.
    A. even though B. as long as C. when D. unless
    22. Tom: Do you know where Barb is? Mary: Strange _______ sound, she is in South Africa.
    A. may it B. as it may C. like it may D. does it
    23. Tom: Who did you invite to dinner? Mary: No one _______ than Frank and his family.
    A. rather B. except C. besides D. other
    24. Tom: A lot of money goes for AIDS research.
    Mary: Yes, because it’s _____ the government is spending a lot to find a cure.
    A. a so serious disease B. so serious a disease C. so a serious disease D. such serious that
    25. Tom: Which is more important: luck or effort? Mary: Luck is _______ effort.
    A. on the same importance B. the same importance as
    C. of the same importance as D. as the same importance as
    26. This is the latest news from Timbuktu. Two-thirds of the city _______ in a fire.
    A. was destroyed B. have been destroyed C. has been destroyed D. were destroyed
    27. There was no alternative _______ wait until the rescue team came.
    A. but B. but to C. than to D. than
    28. _______ his invaluable work, the project would never have succeeded.
    A. For all B. In view of C. But for D. Provided with
    29. This is the only party ______ in my life.
    A. I never enjoy B. I ever enjoy C. I’ve never enjoyed D. I’ve ever really enjoyed
    30. “So long!” is another way of saying _______.
    A. Hello! B. Cheer up! C. I’m very happy. D. Goodbye!
    31. Tom: Take care of yourself. Mary: _______.
    A. I will B. Yes, I do C. Not bad D. You’re welcome
    32. Tom: Can I have your order, please? Mary: _______
    A. Two chickens, please. B. I’ll do it right away.
    C. Yes, sir. D. Just do whatever you want to.
    33. Tom: You really disappointed me with your behavior. Mary: I know. I _________ so immaturely yesterday.
    A. mustn’t have behaved B. shouldn’t have behaved
    C. shouldn’t behave D. ought not to behave
    34. It was in the countryside _______.
    A. where John was brought up B. John was grown up
    C. that John was brought up D. which John was grown up at
    35. I don’t know how you manage to _______ on only £50 a week.
    A. get by B. take in C. cut down D. look down
    36. The plumber came yesterday to _______ the burst pipes.
    A. turn off B. look into C. get over D. see to
    37. I’m afraid I haven’t got time to _______ the matter right now.
    A. go into B. look for C. turn over D. clean out
    38. Our school doesn’t break _______ until the end of
    July.
    A. out B. in C. off D. up
    39. The government is to bring _______ the necessary laws to deal with the problem.
    A. down B. to C. up D. in
    40. Do _______ your shoe laces, or you will tumble over them.
    A. with B. up C. about D. on

     
  6. diema3

    diema3 Guest



    VII. REWRITE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES WITHOUT CHANGING THE MEANING. IN SOME QUESTIONS,
    YOU HAVE TO USE THE GIVEN WORDS WITHOUT CHANGING THEIR FORMS IN ANY WAY. (30 PTS)
    1. Thanks to her mother’s encouragement, she entered the beauty contest.
    Had it not been for
    her mother’s encouragement , she wouldn't have entered the beauty contest
    2. She’ll probably pass the high school entrance examination. (STANDS)
    She stands a very good chance to pass the high ..........................
    3. She was just as good as they had thought.
    She quite definitely came up to their expectation
    4. The “environmentally friendly” label on this product is misleading.
    Despite what is printed
    5. She was afraid to scream because she didn’t want to wake up the neighbors. (FEAR)
    She was afraid to scream for fear of waking up the neighbors
    6. When you arrive, you will be met by the Head of the Sales Department.
    On arrival ,
    you will be met by the Head of the Sales Department
    7. People estimate that the company manufactured more than 5,000 small planes last year.
    More than 5,000 small planes are estimanted to have been turned out last year
    8. There have been fewer people who consume Chinese products. (DECREASE)
    there has been decrease in the number of
    people who consume Chinese products.
    9. They brought me two laptops, but neither worked satisfactorily. (WHICH)
    They brought me two laptops, neither of which worked satisfactorily
    10. Do phone us when you arrive at the airport, even if it’s very late.
    However late it is when ...................................airport , do phone us
     
  7. phantrang97

    phantrang97 Guest


    đề thi hsg anh 8

    I.Choose one of word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others (5 pts).
    1. A. christmas B. character C. school D.church
    2. A. traveled B. surprised C. worked D. climbed
    3. A. tour B. pour C. your D. course
    4. A. towel B. down C. window D.flower
    5. A. cook B. food C. too D. pool
    II. Give the correct form of the verbs in brackets (10pts)
    1.I ‘ve decided (stop) ……….smoking.
    ......................................................
    2. How many times …you ( be)…….. to London this year?
    ......................................................
    3.This house ( build) ….. three years ago.
    ......................................................
    4.We are tired of (work)…….. for low salary.
    ......................................................
    5. This is the second time you (break)……a cup.
    ......................................................
    6. I ( not send) ……the parcel until I hear from you.
    ......................................................
    7.What ( you/ do) ……….at this time yesterday?
    ......................................................
    8.Would you mind…..( smoke) here?
    ......................................................
    9.Water …..( cover) most of the Earth’s surface.
    ......................................................
    10.The gate ……..( lock) at 6.30 p.m everyday.
    ......................................................
    III. Choose the best answer to complete the following sentences. (15pts)
    1. His handwriting is terrible. It’s not easy at all ….........what he writes.
    A. to see B. to read C. reading D. seeing
    2. The city is ……………….on the shore of Lake Michigan.
    A. visited B. lied C. laying D.located
    3. Saigon ……………more than three hundred years ago.
    A. was built B. has been built C. was building D. built
    4. The Smiths never go out in the evening, ……………….?
    A. do they B. don’t they C. doesn’t he D. does he
    5. How do people decide……………the contest ?
    A. who do win B. do who win C. who winning D. who wins
    6. Last week my child …………… to the biggest zoo in town by my wife.
    A. took B. were taken C. went D. has gone
    7. They ……………me if I could speak Japanese.
    A. told B. said C. asked D. talked
    8. Are you proud…………….your country and its tradition ?
    A. about B. on C. of D. for
    9. I want to ask my parents ................... some money.
    A. from B. for C. with D. about
    10. You are very different ........................ your brother.
    A. to B. for C. with D. from
    11. I am better ........................ English than Nam.
    A.than B. with C. at D. for
    12. He seldom goes fishing, ...................?
    A. doesn't he B. is he C. does he D. isn't he
    13. Heavy rains …….the plane for several hours
    A. stopped B. prevented C. delayed D. kept
    14. You must go to school ……the ages of 5 and 16. it is compulsory.
    A. from B.over C.during D.between
    15. Sorry to keep you…………
    A. wait B. waiting C. to wait D. waited
    IV.Give the correct form of the words in brackets. (10pts)
    1.On Christmas Day, I often send my close friends (greet) cards. ………………………..
    2. Paris is (fame) for the Eiffel Tower. ………………………..
    3. He has been an active ( participate) in the contest. ………………………..
    4. The school drama society will have a ( perform) of Hamlet. ………………………..
    5. Last night, the TV program was very ( interest). ………………………..
    6. I think these thick clothes are (suit) for cold weather. ………………………..
    7. It’s ( tradition) in England to eat turkey on Christmas Day. ………………………..
    8. Over 200 (compete) entered the race . ………………………..
    9. Santa Claus is based on the (describe) of Saint Nicholas in a poem. ………………………..
    10. Dad was putting up the Christmas (decorate). ………………………..
    V. Read the passage below and then choose the correct answer A, B, C or D. (8pts)
    English Learning
    Every year many people in the world learn English. Some of them are young children. (1)_____________ are teenagers. Many are adults. Some learn at school, and some learn in evening classes. A few learn English by (2)_____________ or just by (3)__________to the language on television or among their friends. Most people must work hard to learn English. (4)________________do all these people want to learn English? It is difficult to answer that question.
    Young children learn English at school to study better at their subject. Many adults learn English because (5)____________ useful for their work. Teenagers often learn English for their (6)_____________ studies, because some of their books are written (7)______________ English at college and university. Other people learn English because they want to read English newspapers or magazines for (8)___________ and entertainment.
    1. A. The others B. Others C. Another D. Each other
    2. A. them B. their C. themselves D. theirs
    3. A. listening B. speaking C. talking D. hearing
    4. A. What B. How C. Why D. Where
    5. A. they are B. it is C. there is D. of being
    6. A. taller B. higher C. better D. fuller
    7. A. in B. at C. by D. with
    8. A. equipment B. example C. transportation D. information
    VI.Complete the sentences with one suitable preposition. (5pts)
    1.You should be ashamed……..your behavior.
    2.We are fighting ……………… independence and unity.
    3.You look a bit fed……… . Is anything the matter?
    4. Cheer……………! Try laughing for a change
    5. Wine is made ………..grapes.
    VII.Choose the underlined words or phrases that are not right in standard written English then correct it. (7pts)
    1. Thanks for invite me to the rice- cooking festival of your village.
    A B C D
    ……………………………………=>………………………………………..
    2. I’d rather to participate in the contest than watch it.
    A B C D
    ……………………………………=>………………………………………..
    3. The ambulance will be there for about ten minutes
    A B C D
    ……………………………………=>………………………………………..
    4. When I was having dinner, one friend of mine was coming to see me
    A B C D
    ……………………………………=>………………………………………..
    5. The book writing by Jack London is very popular in the world.
    A B C D
    ……………………………………=>………………………………………..
    6. Liz told that she was interested in the rice–cooking contest.
    A B C D
    ……………………………………=>………………………………………..
    7. My family spent an interested holiday in Europe last summer.
    A B C D
    ……………………………………=>………………………………………..
    VIII. Read the passage and fill in the space with one suitable word. (20pts)
    Last Wednesday evening, my wife and I (1) … ..……..in Hong Kong on a flight from Bangkok. It was our first ( 2) … ..……..to the country and we are looking (3) ….. ……..to having very enjoyable days of shopping and (4) …. ……….here before returning to our home in Hawaii. As soon as we arrived, the customs however, our dreams of a happy holiday(5)……. ………shattered. There, we were (6) …………. by two unsmiling customs inspectors who demanded that we(7) …… ……..open all our suitcases. They (8) …………..took everything out of them and inspected (9)….. ………..item very carefully, without (10)… ………a word. They tore open all the presents that we had (11) …………. in Bangkok for our friends at (12) …………..They even open my (13)………….. cosmetic and stuck their fingers in them .When (14) …………..protested, they told my wife and (15) …………..to follow them to a special room. There (16) …………..searched and (17)…. ……….a great number (18) ………………questions.
    Only (19).. …………..ten minutes of such questioning, we were finally (20) ……………..to leave.
    IX. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first. (10pts)
    1. “ I think you should go by train? “ he told us .
    He advised....................................................................................
    2. It was such a boring film that she felt asleep.
    The film ..........................................................................................
    3. We find it difficult to understand this question
    This question.................................................................................
    4. Peter spent three hours repainting his house.
    It....................................................................................................
    5. They’ ve lived here for six years .
    They moved....................................................................................
    6. I’ve never read a more romatic story.
    It’s the............................................................................................
    7. Noone works harder than Barbara.
    Barbara...........................................................................................
    8. I haven’t met him for two years.
    It’s ..................................................................................................
    9. The water was so cold that the children could not swim in it.
    The water was not...........................................................................
    X. Write the following sentences, using the words given (10pts)
    1,Chidren / not enough/ food/ eat/ warm/ clothes / wear/
    ...........................................................................
    2, Little/ girl/ my/ house/sing/ beautiful/ party./
    ...........................................................................
    3,I/ used/ look/ after/ younger/ brother/ sister/ when/ parents/work/
    ...........................................................................
    4,New/ shopping/ mall/ customers/ shop/ comfort/ not/ notice/weather./
    ...........................................................................
    5, Go/ train/ cheaper/ go/ plane./
    ...........................................................................
    6, Residents/ store/ owners/ concerned/ new/ mall/ few/ months./
    ...........................................................................
    7, People/ do/ everything/ without/ help/ modern/ equipment/ year / ago/
    ...........................................................................
    8, It/ difficult/ learn/ two/ languages/ same/ time./
    ...........................................................................
    9,She / punnish/ yesterday/ by/ mother/ for/ go/ out/ without/ pemission./
    ...........................................................................
    10,She/ said/ she/ interested/ rice-cooking/ contest.
    ...........................................................................
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 19 Tháng bảy 2011
  8. phantrang97

    phantrang97 Guest


    Một số cấu trúc thường gặp

    III.6. Một số mẫu câu thường gặp


    1. Cấu trúc câu mang nghĩa bao hàm

    – Đó là lối nói gộp hai ý trong câu làm một thông qua một số các cụm từ. Hai thành phần trong câu phải tương đương nhau về mặt từ loại: danh từ với danh từ, tính từ với tính từ, ...
    1.1. Not only ..... but also (không những ... mà còn....)

    S + verb + not only + noun/adj/adv + but also + noun/adj/adv
    Hoặc:
    S + not only verb + but also + verb
    Robert is not only talented but also handsome.
    He writes not only correctly but also neatly.
    She can play not only the guitar but also the violin.
    She not only plays the piano but also composes music.
    Thành phần sau 'but also' thường quyết định thành phần sau 'not only'.
    Incorrect: He is not only famous in Italy but also in Switzerland.
    Correct: He is famous not only in Italy but also in Switzerland.
    1.2. As well as (vừa ... vừa ...)

    – Cũng giống như cấu trúc trên, các thành phần đằng trước và đằng sau cụm từ này phải tương đương với nhau.
    S + verb + noun/adj/adv + as well as + noun/adj/adv
    Hoặc:
    S + verb + as well as + verb
    Ví dụ:
    Robert is talented as well as handsome.
    He writes correctly as well as neatly.
    She plays the guitar as well as the violin.
    Paul plays the piano as well as composes music.
    Chú ý: Không được nhầm thành ngữ này với as well as của hiện tượng đồng chủ ngữ mang nghĩa cùng với.
    The teacher, as well as her students, is going to the concert.
    My cousins, as well as Tim, have a test tomorrow.
    1.3. Both ..... and... (vừa ... vừa)

    – Công thức dùng giống hệt như not only .... but also. Both chỉ được dùng với and, không được dùng với as well as.
    Robert is both talented and handsome.
    Paul both plays the piano and composes music.
    2. Một số cấu trúc câu cầu khiến

    2.1. To have sb do sth = to get sb to do sth = khiến ai, bảo ai làm gì

    I’ll have Peter fix my car.
    I’ll get Peter to fix my car.
    2.2. To have/to get sth done = làm một việc gì bằng cách thuê người khác

    I have my hair cut. (Tôi đi cắt tóc - chứ không phải tôi tự cắt)
    I have my car washed. (Tôi mang xe đi rửa ngoài dịch vụ - không phải tự rửa)
    Theo khuynh hướng này động từ to want và would like cũng có thể dùng với mẫu câu như vậy: To want/ would like Sth done. (ít dùng)
    I want/ would like my car washed.
    2.3. To make sb do sth = to force sb to do sth = Bắt buộc ai phải làm gì

    The bank robbers made the manager give them all the money.
    The bank robbers forced the manager to give them all the money.
    Đằng sau tân ngữ của “make” có thể dùng 1 tính từ: To make sb/sth + adj
    Wearing flowers made her more beautiful.
    Chemical treatment will make this wood more durable
    2.4. To make sb + P2 = làm cho ai bị làm sao

    Working all night on Friday made me tired on Saturday.
    2.5. To cause sth + P2 = làm cho cái gì bị làm sao

    The big thunder storm caused many waterfront houses damaged.
    2.6. To let sb do sth = to permit/allow sb to do sth = để cho ai, cho phép ai làm gì

    I let me go.
    At first, she doesn’t allow me to kiss her but...
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 19 Tháng bảy 2011
  9. phantrang97

    phantrang97 Guest


    Một số cấu trúc thường gặp

    3. Lối nói phụ họa

    3.1. Phụ họa câu khẳng định

    – Khi muốn nói một người hoặc vật nào đó làm một việc gì đó và một người, vật khác cũng làm một việc như vậy, người ta dùng so hoặc too. Để tránh phải lặp lại các từ của câu trước (mệnh đề chính), người ta dùng liên từ and và thêm một câu đơn giản (mệnh đề phụ) có sử dụng so hoặc too. Ý nghĩa của hai từ này có nghĩa là “cũng thế”.
    John went to the mountains on his vacation, and we did too.
    John went to the mountains on his vacation, and so did we.
    I will be in Vietnam in May, and they will too.
    I will be in Vietnam in May, and so will they.
    He has seen her play, and the girls have too.
    He has seen her play, and so have the girls.
    We are going to the movie tonight, and he is too.
    We are going to the movie tonight, and so is he.
    She will wear a custom to the party, and we will too.
    She will wear a custom to the party, and so will we.
    Picaso was a famous painter, and Rubens was too.
    Picaso was a famous painter, and so was Rubens.
    Tuỳ theo từ nào được dùng mà cấu trúc câu có sự thay đổi:
    – Khi trong mệnh đề chính có động từ be ở bất cứ thời nào thì trong mệnh đề phụ cũng dùng từ be ở thời đó.
    Affirmative statement (be) + and + S + verb + too
    Affirmative statement (be) + and + so + verb + S
    I am happy, and you are too.
    I am happy, and so are you.
    – Khi trong mệnh đề chính có một cụm trợ động từ + động từ], ví dụ will go, should do, has done, have written, must consider, ... thì các trợ động từ trong mệnh đề đó được dùng lại trong mệnh đề phụ.
    They will work in the lab tomorrow, and you will too.
    They will work in the lab tomorrow, and so will you.
    – Khi trong mệnh đề chính không phải là động từ be, cũng không có trợ động từ, bạn phải dùng các từ do, does, did làm trợ động từ thay thế. Thời và thể của trợ động từ này phải chia theo chủ ngữ của mệnh đề phụ.
    Affirmative statement + and + S + do/does/did + too
    Affirmative statement + and + so + do/does/did + S
    Jane goes to that school, and my sister does too.
    Jane goes to that school, and so does my sister.

    3.2. Phụ hoạ câu phủ định

    – Cũng giống như too và so trong câu khẳng định, để phụ hoạ một câu phủ định, người ta dùng 'either' (cũng) hoặc 'neither' (cũng không). Ba quy tắc đối với trợ động từ, động từ be hoặc do, does, did cũng được áp dụng giống như trên. Ta cũng có thể gói gọn 3 quy tắc đó vào một công thức như sau:
    Negative statement + and + S + negative auxiliary (or be) + either
    Negative statement + and + neither + positive auxiliary (or be) + S
    I didn't see Mary this morning, and John didn't either
    I didn't see Mary this morning, and neither did John.
    She won’t be going to the conference, and her friends won’t either.
    She won’t be going to the conference, and neither will her friends.
    John hasn’t seen the new movie yet, and I haven’t either.
    John hasn’t seen the new movie yet, and neither have I.

    4. Các cấu trúc khác

    4.1. Enough: đủ….để có thể làm gì

    • Đi với tính từ hoặc trạng từ, enough thường đứng sau:
    S + verb + adv + enough + (for somebody) + to + verb…
    S + tobe + adj + enough + (for somebody) + to + verb….
    Ví dụ:
    Coffee is hot enough for me to drink
    This exercise is easy enough for us to do.
    This motorbike drives fast enough to Ha Dong.
    • Đi với danh từ, enough thường đứng trước:
    S + verb + enough + noun (for somebody) + to verb…
    S + verb + enough + for something
    Ví dụ:
    I have enough money to buy a car.
    They grow enough rice to live.
    It’s enough time for us to do the exercise.
    Have you got enough vegetable for dinner?
    Do you have enough sugar for the cake?

    4.2. Too…: quá để có thể làm gì.

    Cấu trúc này điễn tả mức độ vượt quá khả năng để làm gì đó
    Cấu trúc:
    S + verb + too + adv + (for somebody) + to + verb ….
    S + tobe + too + adj + (for somebody) + to + verb…
    Ví dụ:
    The coffee is too hot for me to drink.
    He is too young to love.
    He spoke too quickly for us to understand.
    The bus drives too fast for us to keep pace with.

    4.3. So/such….that….: đến nỗi mà

    • So ….that….
    Cấu trúc: S + tobe + so + adj + that + a clause
    S + verb + so + adv + that + a clause
    Ví dụ:
    The exercise is so difficult that I can’t do it.
    The food is so hot that we can’t eat it.
    He spoke so quickly that I can’t hear him.
    The bus drives so fast that they can’t catch it.
    • Such…that…
    Cấu trúc:
    S/it + tobe + such + (a/an)+ adj + noun + that + a clause
    S/it + verb + such + (a/an) + adj + noun + that + a clause
    Ví dụ:
    It is such a difficult exercise that we can’t do it.
    We bought such a modern car that we couldn’t dream.
    Chú ý: nếu danh từ là không đếm được thì không dùng “a/an”
    This is such difficult homework that we can’t finish it.
    He invested such much money that we couldn’t imagine.

    4.4. Adj + to verb

    Cấu trúc: It + tobe + adj + for somebody + to verb….
    Ví dụ:
    It’s necessary for us to protect environment.
    It’s difficult for him to pass the exam.
    4.5. It’s + adj + of + object + to + verb….

    Ví dụ:
    It’s kind of him to help me = He is kind to help me.
    (anh ta thật tốt bụng vì đã giúp đỡ tôi)
    It’s cowardly of him to run away= he is cowardly to run away.
    (anh ta thật hèn nhát vì đã bỏ chạy)

    4.6. It takes/took + object + khoảng thời gian + to verb….

    = somebody spend/spent + khoảng thời gian + V-ing…: mất bao lâu để ai đó làm việc gì.
    Ví dụ:
    It takes me 15 minutes to go to school by bike.
    = I spend 15 minutes going to school by bike.
    It took him a year to study English
    = He spent a year studying English.
    It took her 2 hours to type this document.
    = She spent 2 hours typing this document.

    4.7. It’s + khoảng thời gian + since + clause (simple past): được bao lâu từ khi……

    Ví dụ:
    It’s a week since I saw Nam
    It’s a year since they visited me.
    It’s ages since it rained here.

    4.8. It’s the first time + clause (present perfect): đây là lần đầu tiên….

    = ……..before

    Ví dụ:
    It’s the first time I’ve ever visited this town.
    = I’ve never visited this town before.
    It’s the first time he has ever sent me a letter.
    = He has never sent me a letter before.
    It’s the first time she has ever arrived late.
    = She has never arrived late before.

    4.9. It is/was not until + time + that + clause: mãi cho đến khi………..

    Ví dụ:
    It was not until 1990 that she became a teacher. (mãi đến năm 1990,cô ấy mới trở thành giáo viên)
    It was not until 1915 that the cinema really became an industry.
    (mãi đến năm 1915 điện ảnh mới thực sự trở thành một ngành công nghiệp)

    Bài tập 1: Phụ họa với những câu dưới đây:

    Ví dụ: Nam likes fish. (I) –> Nam likes fish, so do I.
    1. He came early, (she)
    2. She knows you quite well, (her husband)
    3. My friend lived in Hai Phong, (his sister)
    4. These books don’t belong to me, (those)
    5. I don’t believe it, (my friend)
    6. I don’t like the hot weather, (my wife)
    7. Trees don’t grow very well here, (grass)
    Bài tập 2: Kết hợp hai câu sau, sử dụng "too ..." or "enough ...":

    1. It was very dark. I couldn`t see the words.
    2. It was early. I couldn`t tell you once more story.
    3. Dick is very clever. He can learn this in a short time.
    4. My mother is very old. She cannot do that work.
    5. That house isn`t large. We can`t stay there for the night.
    6. Daisy was very short. She couldn`t reach the picture.
    7. Jack is very clever. He can do this work.
    8. The little girl was so shy. She couldn`t tell me the story.
    9. The driver was very hurried. He couldn`t wait for me.

    Bài tập 3: Viết lại các câu sau với từ cho sẵn sao cho nghĩa của câu không thay đổi.

    1. It’s the first time they’ve ever bought me a present.
    –> They……………………………….
    2. Peter isn’t tall enough to reach the bookself.
    –> Peter is……………………………………
    3. John worked very carefully . It took him a long time to finish his work.
    –> John worked so……………………………………………
    4. Thank you for helping me.
    –> It was very kind …………………..
    5. Mrs Green told Alice to take the books home.
    –> Mrs Green had …………………………….
    6. You can’t understand those things because you are too young.
    –> You aren’t ………………………………………………
    7. This shirt is too dirty for me to wear.
    –> This shirt isn’t ………………………….
    8. Boiling an egg is not difficult.
    –> It’s…………………………..
    9. We spent 5 hours getting to London.
    –> It took……………………………….
    10. They last visited me five years ago.
    –> They haven’t ………………….
    11. His briefcase was too full for the zip fastener to close properly.
    –> His briefcase was so full……………………………
    12. The last time I played football was in 1971.
    –> I haven’t…………………………………….
    13. Their dog was so fierce that nobody would visit them.
    –> They had…………………………………………..
    14. The noise next door didn’t stop until after midnight.
    –> It was not…………………………………….
    Bài tập 4: Kết hợp câu dùng “not only…but also” hoặc “both….and
    1. He is interested in planting orchids. He is interested in collecting butterflies. (not only….but also…)
    2. You can visit the West End in London. You can visit the East End in London. (both….and..)
    3. You can attend the party. Your sister can attend the party. (both….and…)
    4. She can sing beautifully. She can play the piano well. (not only….but also…)
    5. I can drink coffee black. I can drink coffee with sugar. (both…and…)
    6. She is good at maths. She is good at English. (not only ….but also….)
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 19 Tháng bảy 2011

  10. Một chút góp ý cho Phantrang97:

    Đầu tiên rất cảm ơn em vì những bài viết có ý nghĩa trên, tuy nhiên, chị nghĩ em nên bớt chút thời gian chỉnh sửa bài viết cho bắt mắt, có điểm nhấn điểm lướt để các bạn dễ theo dõi, chứ viết thế kia khó đọc lắm!
     
  11. tu9510

    tu9510 Guest


    Đúng rùi ak >!< bài viết khó đọc quá ( mắt đã cận mak đọc thi... :D)
    với lại post từng test ngắn thoy dài quá lười làm :D
    cũng cảm ơn vì đã post bài :khi (78)::khi (78)::khi (78)::khi (78)::khi (78)::khi (78):
     
  12. caybutthanki

    caybutthanki Guest


    mấy phần dưới ghi khó hiểu quá, nhưng cũng cám ơn cậu nhiều nha:)&gt;-
     

  13. 4. She just (come)………come…………………..…. back from America.
    come - has just come
    5.11. This house is quite old. It (build) ……built…………………………..over 100 years ago.
    built - was built
    IV. Rewrite the sentences:
    2. “ Don’t ride your bike to school too fast .” my parents said .
    => my parents advise me not to ride my bike to school too fast

    adivise - advised
    ồ men :eek: cái đề b-( sao mà lằng nhằng thế :eek: Bạn nào có lòng sửa tớ cái size nhá @-) mờ mắt nhìn kg ra :eek:

    :"> Tks yer :p
     
  14. caybutthanki

    caybutthanki Guest


    III. Choose the best answer to complete the following sentences. (15pts)
    1. His handwriting is terrible. It’s not easy at all ….........what he writes.
    A. to see B. to read C. reading D. seeing
    2. The city is ……………….on the shore of Lake Michigan.
    A. visited B. lied C. laying D.located
    3. Saigon ……………more than three hundred years ago.
    A. was built B. has been built C. was building D. built
    4. The Smiths never go out in the evening, ……………….?
    A. do they B. don’t they C. doesn’t he D. does he
    5. How do people decide……………the contest ?
    A. who do win B. do who win C. who winning D. who wins
    6. Last week my child …………… to the biggest zoo in town by my wife.
    A. took B. were taken C. went D. has gone
    7. They ……………me if I could speak Japanese.
    A. told B. said C. asked D. talked
    8. Are you proud…………….your country and its tradition ?
    A. about B. on C. of D. for
    9. I want to ask my parents ................... some money.
    A. from B. for C. with D. about
    10. You are very different ........................ your brother.
    A. to B. for C. with D. from
    11. I am better ........................ English than Nam.
    A.than B. with C. at D. for
    12. He seldom goes fishing, ...................?
    A. doesn't he B. is he C. does he D. isn't he
    13. Heavy rains …….the plane for several hours
    A. stopped B. prevented C. delayed D. kept
    14. You must go to school ……the ages of 5 and 16. it is compulsory.
    A. from B.over C.during D.between
    15. Sorry to keep you…………
    A. wait B. waiting C. to wait D. waited

    IX. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first. (10pts)
    1. “ I think you should go by train? “ he told us .
    He advised.us to go by train..........................
    2. It was such a boring film that she felt asleep.
    The film …was so bỏing that she felt asleep……………………………………………………………………
    3. We find it difficult to understand this question
    This question...is found dificult to understand..............
    4. Peter spent three hours repainting his house.
    It…took Peter 3 hours to repair his house
    5. They’ ve lived here for six years .
    They moved to here 6 months ago………………………………………………………………………
    6. I’ve never read a more romatic story.
    It’s the…most romantic story that i 've never read before……..
    7. Noone works harder than Barbara.
    Barbara…is the hardest worker………………………………………………………………………….
    8. I haven’t met him for two years.
    It’s ..2 years since i last met him
    9. Richard can cook very well.
    Richard is a good cooker......
    10. The water was so cold that the children could not swim in it.
    The water was not…warm enough for the children to swim in

    :)&gt;-:)&gt;-:)&gt;-@};-@};-@};-
     
  15. phantrang97

    phantrang97 Guest


    hì.Mình đã sửa bài rồi đấy.các bạn xem thế nào?
    cảm ơn vì đã góp ý nha!
     

  16. Em rất tích cực nghe mọi người góp ý, nhưng mà ý chị là em tách các bài ra cho dễ nhìn chứ mỗi phóng chữ to lên thì.... Xem cái #2 chị sửa rùi đó ...
    Maf em ơi, chị sửa bài em thành ra cái bài sửa lỗi sai các phương án liền nhau ùi, em gạch chân dưới các đáp án nhé, ko cần ghi A B C D đâu. hihi
     
  17. phantrang97

    phantrang97 Guest


    HSG anh

    A. Phonetics (Total: 5 points)


    I. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others in each group. (3 pts)
    1. A enough B though C cough D rough
    2. A chorus B cheap C chair D child
    3. A subject B basic C sailor D physics

    II. Choose the word whose stressed syllable is different from that of the other in each group.(2 pts)

    4. A postcard B beauty C picture D advise
    5. A scissors B object C transmit D wardrobe

    B. Grammar - vocabulary – Language functions (Total: 35 points)
    I. Choose the best option A, B, C or D to complete each sentence ( 15 pts ).
    6. The musician and singer ……coming to our school tonight.
    A am B is C are D was
    7. I have no idea how………..the nearest bank.
    A do I get to B getting to C to get to D did I get to
    8. He is …………an excellent engineer that he can solve any problems of computers.
    A such B so C very D too
    9. My sister was so very happy because she ………..a lot of presents on her birthday.
    A sent B was received C received D will be sent
    10. I’m sorry. I forgot ………….your letter. I had to leave in a hurry.
    A post B posting C posted D to post
    11. They warned me ……….. away their violent dog.
    A to keep B not to keep C keeping D not keeping
    12. Mr. Jackson likes his car ………… after one day working. He means that it is good to do so.
    A to clean B being cleaned C to be cleaned D cleaning
    13. Hoang prefers to live in the country ………..live in the city.
    A to B rather than C than D X
    14. People in the country are ……….than in the city.
    A friendlier B more friendly C the friendliest D the most friendly
    15. It is …………castle that I have ever seen.
    A an older B the older C an oldest D the oldest
    16. Nancy was hungry and she wanted to know if there was ………to eat.
    A anything B something C everything D nothing
    17. They had 2 days off, so Long suggested ………..a picnic near the beach.
    A having B to have C will have D would have
    18. We haven’t met each other ……….we graduated the high school.
    A in B then C for D since
    19. As Peter ……….. used to ……… on the right, I came to visit him.
    A got/ drive B was getting/ driving C didn’t / driving D was/ drive
    20. Jane had been looking for many houses to rent. ………., she found one as she expected.
    A In the end B At the end C By the end D Unluckily

    II. Give the correct form of the words in CAPITAL letters to complete the following sentences (5 pts).
    21/ Relax for some minutes and you’ll fell more………… comfort.
    22/ The child should be punished of his bad ………… behave.
    23/ Bell………… demonstrated his invention in counless exhibitions. Succeed.
    24/ ………………., dark clouds appeared and it began to rain. Fortune
    25/ Our teacher always …………….us to work hard. Courage.

    III. Choose the underlined word or phrase in each sentence that needs correcting (5 pts).
    26. He hoped to find out the thief stealing his car last week. This is the second time he lost his car. A B C D
    27. Although my grandfather is old but he still works in that factory.
    A B C D
    28. My aunt has a five thousand- stamps collection. She has collected them for 10 years.
    A B C D
    29. My grandmother wants me to be with her because she is boring with staying alone.
    A B C D
    30. Don’t run so quick like that. You will stumble against a rock.
    A B C D

    IV. Match each sentence in column A with its suitable response in column B. Use each response once only. There is one extra option which you do not need to use. (10 pts)
    A B
    31. Some action movies are violent. I prefer cartoons.
    32. Do you mind if I turn on the TV?
    33. Would you like to join us to clean the river bank?
    34. Congratulation! You won the race!
    35. Why don’t we hang the picture near the mirror?
    36. What are you studying?
    37. Why do you think most people learn English?
    38. When did you start learning English?
    39. Why did you choose that college?
    40. Where did Jane graduate from? A. I’d rather you didn’t.
    B. Thanks! It’s nice of you to say so.
    C. Yes. Please do.
    D. I’m opposite. Some cowboy films are exciting.
    E. It sounds interesting. Of course I will.
    F. Two years ago.
    G. New Method College.
    H. Very often it’s to get a better job.
    I. I heard it was very good.
    J. English.
    K. Yes. I think so. And It should be a bit higher.

    31 + ....... 32 + ...... 33 + ...... 34 + ...... 35 + ...... 36+ ...... 37+ ...... 38 + ...... 39 + ...... 40+ .......

    B. READING (Total: 30 points)

    I. Read the article below and circle the letter A, B, C or D next to the word that best fits each space (10 pts)
    For many young people sport is a popular part of school life and ___41___ in one of the school teams and playing matches is very important. ___42___ someone is in a team it means a lot of extra practice and often spending a Saturday or Sunday away ___43___ home, as many matches are played then.
    It ___44___ also involve traveling to other towns to play against other school teams and then ___45___ on after the match for a meal or a drink. Sometimes parents, friends or other students will travel with the team to support ___46___ own side.
    . When a school team wins a match it is the whole school which feels proud, ___47___ the players. It can also mean that a school ___ 48___ well-known for being good at certain sports and pupils from that school may end up playing ___49___ national and international teams so that the school has some really ___50___ names associated with it!

    41. A having B being C taking D putting
    42. A If B As C Then D So
    43. A at B is C for D from
    44. A ought to B is C can D has
    45. A being B staying C leaving D spending
    46. A their B its C our D whose
    47. A but B however C and D not
    48. A turns B makes C comes D becomes
    49. A up B to C for D beside
    50. A old B new C common D famous

    II. Read the following passage and fill each numbered blank with one suitable word (10 points).

    Last autumn I ___51__ a week at a big hotel in London. It was one of those modern hotels where every room is the same size and ____52___ the same furniture, and looks just like every other room. My room was 311 on the third ___53___. One night, quite late, I got back to the hotel ___54___ a very good dinner with some friends. I walk into the lift and ___55___ the button. When the lift stopped, I got out and walked to my room or what I thought was my room. ___56___ I opened the door, I saw astonishing scene. A man was pointing a revolver at a woman sitting in an armchair, and the woman was saying in a frightened ___57___: “Please ___58___ shoot me!” I turned round, ran along the corridor and ___59___ the stairs- I daren’t wait for the lift and found the night porter in the hall. “Quick,” I cried, “someone is ___60___ murdered in my room.”

    III. Read the passage and choose the best answer. (10 pts)

    To do well at school, college or university you usually need to do well in exams. “All students hate exams” may be generalization, but it is fairly true one. Certainly, all of the students I’ve known disliked doing exams. None of them thought that the exam system was fair; to do well in an exam you simply had to be able to predict the questions which would be asked. This was the case that regards two students in my class at college. Both of them got an A grade. In fact, they both got Cs. The exam had tested us on questions which had come up the previous year. They had both amused that the same questions wouldn’t come up again, and hadn’t prepared for them.
    61. Students need to do well in exams ………………..
    A. in order to do well at school. B. because they need to do well at school.
    C. so that to do well at school. D. therefore they have to do well at school.
    62. The statement “All students hate exams” is ………………
    A. extremely true. B. completely true.
    C. very true. D. fairly true.
    63. Which of the following sentences is not true?
    A. All of the students the writer has known thought that the exam system was unfair.
    B. To do well in an exam you simply had the ability to predict the questions which would be asked.
    C. None of the students the writer has known disliked doing exams.
    D. “All students hate exams” is fairly true generalization.
    64. Why did the two students in the writer’s class get C grades in the final exam?
    A. Because the exam was really difficult.
    B. Because they didn’t prepare for the questions that had come up the previous year.
    C. Because they were dull students.
    D. Because the questions weren’t in their lessons.
    65. The writer’s main purpose of writing the passage is to ………………….
    A. describe the importance of exams.
    B. discuss how exams effect on the students.
    C. explain the equality in examinations.
    D. criticize the exam system.

     
    Last edited by a moderator: 23 Tháng bảy 2011
  18. phantrang97

    phantrang97 Guest


    Tiếp

    C. WRITING (Total: 30 points)

    I. Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the sentence printed before it (10 pts).

    66. People say that the environment needs protecting by ourselves.
    - The environment............................................................................
    67. Nobody has used this machine for years.
    - This machine ............................................................................
    68. It was raining heavily outside but Mr. Hoang still continued his jogging.
    - Despite ............................................................................
    69. It is the fact that he can’t afford to buy a new house but he still wants to.
    - He wishes............................................................................
    70. “Is there any information about the train to Ho Chi Minh City tomorrow morning?” my uncle asked me last night.
    - My uncle wanted............................................................................

    II. Write a letter, using the following sets of words and phrases. You can make all necessary changes and additions. (10 points).
    Dear Loan,
    71. Tom/ I/ have/ best holiday/ our lives!
    ............................................................................
    72. We/ be/ Barbados,/ one/ most lovely islands/ Caribbean .
    ............................................................................
    73. Although/ it/ much/ smaller/ Jamaica/ there seem/ be/ much more/ do/ Jamaica.
    ............................................................................
    74. Moreover/ people here/ seem/ be/ friendlier/ those / other isands.
    ............................................................................
    75. We/ stay/ most morden hotel/ I / ever/ seen.
    ............................................................................
    76. It/ large/ cool /many people/ think / it/ best hotel / island.
    ............................................................................
    77.It/ comfortable /than / any/ other hotels.
    ............................................................................
    78. Nearest beach/ less/ hundred meters /away.
    ............................................................................
    79.So/ we/ spend/ lot / time/ swim /sea.
    ............................................................................
    80.It/really good/ and / I wish/ you/ be / here.
    ............................................................................
    Your friend,
    Hoang Nam.

    III. Imagine you are on a vacation in a vacation in a certain places in Viet Nam. Write a postcard to your friend about your trip. You need cover the information about: (10 pts).

    - Name of the place you have visited.
    - How you got there.
    - The weather when you got there.
    - Your feelings about the people there.
    - Who you have met/seen.
    - What you visited/ saw.
    - What you bought as souvenirs.
    - How you feel about this place.
    Dear Lien,
    ............................................................................
    ............................................................................
    ............................................................................
    Yours,
    Lan.
    --------- The End ------------
     
  19. phantrang97

    phantrang97 Guest


    Câu đảo ngữ

    Trong một số trường hợp các phó từ không đứng ở vị trí bình thường của nó mà đảo lên đứng ở đầu câu nhằm nhấn mạnh vào hành động của chủ ngữ. Người ta gọi đó là câu đảo ngữ. Trong trường hợp đó ngữ pháp sẽ thay đổi, đằng sau phó từ đứng đầu câu là trợ động từ rồi mới đến chủ ngữ và động từ chính:

    Ví dụ:
    Little did I know that he was a compulsive liar.
    At no time (= never) did I say I would accept late homework.

    1. Câu đảo ngữ có chứa trạng từ phủ định:
    Nhìn chung, câu đảo ngữ thường được dùng để nhấn mạnh tính đặc biệt của một sự kiện nào đó và thường được mở đầu bằng một phủ định từ.

    • Nhóm từ: never (không bao giờ), rarely (hiếm khi), seldom (hiếm khi).
    Câu đảo ngữ chứa những trạng từ này thường được dùng với động từ ở dạng hoàn thành hay động từ khuyết thiếu và có thể chứa so sánh hơn.
    Ví dụ:
    Never have I been more insulted!
    (Chưa bao giờ tôi bị lăng mạ hơn thế).
    Never in her life had she experienced this exhilarating emotion.
    Seldom has he seen anything stranger.
    (Hiếm khi anh ấy nhìn thấy một cái gì kì lạ hơn thế).
    Seldom have I seen him looking so miserable.

    • Nhóm từ: hardly (hầu như không), barely (chỉ vừa đủ, vừa vặn), no sooner (vừa mới), or scarcely (chỉ mới, vừa vặn).
    Câu đảo ngữ chứa trạng ngữ này thường được dùng để diễn đạt một chuỗi các sự kiện xảy ra trong quá khứ.

    Ví dụ:
    Scarcely had I got out of bed when the doorbell rang.
    (Hiếm khi chuông cửa reo mà tôi thức dậy).
    No sooner had he finished dinner than she walked in the door.
    (Khi anh ấy vừa mới ăn tối xong thì chị ta bước vào cửa).

    2. Nhóm từ kết hợp sau “Only” như: only after, only when, only then…
    Only after/only when/only then/only if + trợ động từ + S + V…
    Only by + noun/V-ing + trợ động từ/ động từ khuyết thiếu + S + V….: chỉ bằng cách làm gì
    Ví dụ:
    Only then did I understand the problem.
    (Chỉ sau lúc đó tôi mới hiểu ra được vấn đề).
    Only by hard work will we be able to accomplish this great task.
    Only by studying hard can you pass this exam.
    Chú ý: nếu trong câu có hai mệnh đề, chúng ta dùng đảo ngữ ở mệnh đề thứ hai:
    Only when you grow up, can you understand it.
    Only if you tell me the truth, can I forgive you.
    Only after the film started did I realise that I'd seen it before.

    3. Nhóm từ: So, Such
    Câu đảo ngữ có chứa “So” mang cấu trúc như sau:
    So + tính từ + to be + Danh từ …

    Ví dụ:
    So strange was the situation that I couldn't sleep.
    (Tình huống này kì lạ khiến tôi không thể ngủ được).
    So difficult is the test that students need three months to prepare.
    (Bài kiểm tra khó tới mức mà các sinh viên cần 3 tháng chuẩn bị).
    Câu đảo ngữ có chứa “Such” mang cấu trúc như sau:
    “Such + to be + Danh từ +…”
    Ví dụ:
    Such is the moment that all greats traverse.
    (Thật là thời khắc trở ngại lớn lao).
    Such is the stuff of dreams.
    (Thật là một giấc mơ vô nghĩa).

    4. Not only….but also…..:không những…….mà còn…..
    Not only + trợ động từ + S +V + but also + S + V…
    Ví dụ:
    Not only does he study well, but also he sings well.

    5. Một số cấu trúc khác
    • In/ Under no circumstances: Dù trong bất cứ hoàn cảnh nào cũng không.
    Under no circumstances should you lend him the money.
    • On no account: Dù bất cứ lý do gì cũng không
    On no accout must this switch be touched.
    • Only in this way: Chỉ bằng cách này
    Only in this way could the problem be solved
    • In no way: Không sao có thể
    In no way could I agree with you.
    • By no means: Hoàn toàn không
    By no means does he intend to criticize your idea.
    • Negative ..., nor + auxiliary + S + V
    He had no money, nor did he know anybody from whom he could borrow.
    • Khi một mệnh đề mở đầu bằng các thành ngữ chỉ nơi chốn hoặc trật tự thì động từ chính có thể đảo lên chủ ngữ nhưng tuyệt đối không được sử dụng trợ động từ trong trường hợp này.
    Clause of place/ order + main verb + S (no auxiliary)
    In front of the museum is a statue.
    First came the ambulance, then came the police.
    (Thoạt đầu là xe cứu thương chạy đến, tiếp sau là cảnh sát.)
    • Khi một ngữ giới từ làm phó từ chỉ địa điểm hoặc phương hướng đứng ở đầu câu, các nội động từ đặt lên trước chủ ngữ nhưng tuyệt đối không được sử dụng trợ động từ trong loại câu này. Nó rất phổ biến trong văn mô tả khi muốn diễn đạt một chủ ngữ không xác định:
    Under the tree was lying one of the biggest men I had ever seen.
    Directly in front of them stood a great castle.
    On the grass sat an enormous frog.
    Along the road came a strange procession.
    • Tân ngữ mang tính nhấn mạnh cũng có thể đảo lên đầu câu:
    Not a single word did he say.
    • Các phó từ away ( = off ), down, in, off, out, over, round, up... có thể theo sau là một động từ chuyển động và sau đó là một danh từ làm chủ ngữ:
    – Away/down/in/off/out/over/round/up...+ motion verb + noun/noun phrase as a subject.
    Away went the runners.
    Down fell a dozen of apples...
    – Nhưng nếu một đại từ nhân xưng làm chủ ngữ thì động từ phải để sau chủ ngữ:
    Away they went.
    Round and round it flew.
    – Trong tiếng Anh viết (written English) các ngữ giới từ mở đầu bằng các giới từ down, from, in, on, over, out of, round, up... có thể được theo sau ngay bởi động từ chỉ vị trí (crouch, hang, lie, sit, stand...) hoặc các dạng động từ chỉ chuyển động, các động từ như be born/ die/ live và một số dạng động từ khác.
    From the rafters hung strings of onions.
    In the doorway stood a man with a gun.
    On a perch beside him sat a blue parrot.
    Over the wall came a shower of stones.

    *Chú ý: các ví dụ trên có thể diễn đạt bằng một V-ing mở đầu cho câu và động từ to be đảo lên trên chủ ngữ:
    Hanging from the rafters were strings of onion.
    Standing in the doorway was a man with a gun.
    Sitting on a perch beside him was a blue parrot.

    Bài tập 1: Viết lại câu với hình thức đảo ngữ

    1. She had never been so happy before.
    2. I have never heard such nonsense!
    3. I have never seen such a mess in my life.
    4. Public borrowing has seldom been so high.
    5. They had seldom participated in such a fascinating ceremony.
    6. They little suspected that the musical was going to be a runaway success.
    7. The embassy staff little realized that Ted was a secret agent.
    8. I had hardly begun to apologize when the door closed .
    9. The shop can in no way be held responsible for customers' lost property.
    10. The couple had no sooner arrived than the priest started the ceremony.
    11. Tom only understood the meaning of the comment when he saw his wife's face.
    12. The restaurant cannot accept animals under any circumstances.
    13. The artist rarely paid any attention to his agent's advice.

    Bài tập 2: Viết lại câu sao cho nghĩa không thay đổi.

    1. Her grief was so great that she almost fainted.
    –> So………………………………………….
    2. He got down to writing the letter as soon as he returned from his walk.
    –> No sooner……………………………………………………..
    3. She had hardly begun to speak before people started interrupting her.
    –> Hardly……………………………………………………………..
    4. I only realized what I had missed when they told me about it later.
    –> Only when……………………………………………………
    5. You won’t find a more dedicated worker anywhere than Mrs John.
    –> Nowhere…………………………………………..
    6.–> The outcome of the election was never in doubt.
    –> At no time…………………………………….
    7. He forgot about the gun until he got home.
    –> Not until………………………………
    8. The only way you can become a good athlete is by training hard everyday.
    –> Only by…………………………………………………………
     
  20. phantrang97

    phantrang97 Guest


    Một số cách dùng thêm của If

    Nhắc đến IF chúng ta thường nhắc đến 3 hay 4 loại If nhưng đằng sau đó If còn có nhiều loại nữa. Trong bài viết này, các bạn hãy cùng tìm hiểu về một số cách dùng thêm của IF

    1. If....then :Nếu...thì
    Ví dụ: If she can't come to us, then we will have to go and see her

    2. If dùng trong dạng câu không phải điều kiện: Động từ ở các mệnh đề diễn biến bình thường theo thời gian của chính nó
    Ví dụ:
    If you want to learn a musical instrument, you have to practice
    If you did not do much maths at school, you will find economics difficult to understand
    If that was Marry,why didn't she stop and stay hello

    3. If....should = If... happen to... = If... should happen to... diễn đạt sự không chắc chắn
    Ví dụ: If you should happen to pass a supermarket,perhaps you could get some eggs (ngỗ nhỡ anh có tình cờ đi qua chợ có lẽ mua cho em ít đường)

    4. If...was/were to...
    - Diễn đạt điều kiện không có thật hoặc tưởng tượng ở tương lai
    Ví dụ:
    If the boss was/were to come in now (= if the boss came in now), we would be in real trouble
    What would we do if I was/were to lose my job?
    - Hoặc có thể diễn đạt một ý lịch sự khi đưa ra lời đề nghị
    Ví dụ: If you were to move your hair a bit,we could all sit down
    (nếu anh vui lòng dich ghế của anh ra một chút thì chúng ta có thể cùng ngồi được)
    Note:Cấu trúc này tuyệt đối không được dùng với các động từ tĩnh hoặc chỉ trạng thái tư duy.
    Ví dụ: Correct: If I knew her name, I would tell you
    Incorrect: If I was/were to know...

    5. If it+ to be+ not+ for : Nếu không vì,nếu không nhờ vào.
    -Thời hiện tại:
    Ví dụ: If it wasn't/weren't for the children,that couple wouldn't have any thing to talk about.
    (nếu không vì những đứa con thì vợ chồng nhà ấy chả có chuyện gì để mà nói)
    -Thời quá khứ:
    Ví dụ: If it hadn't been for your help,I don't know what we would have done
    (Nếu không nhờ vào sự giúp đỡ của anh thì tôi cũng không biết là chúng tôi sẽ làm gì đây)

    6. "Not" đôi khi được thêm vào những động từ sau "IF" để bày tỏ sự nghi ngờ không chắc chắn(Có nên... hay không )
    Ví dụ: I wonder if we shouldn't ask the doctor to look at Mary

    7. It would... if+ subject+ would...(sẽ là... nếu- không được dùng trong văn viết )
    Ví dụ:
    . It would be better if they would tell every body in advance.
    (Sẽ là tốt hơn nếu họ không kể cho mọi người từ trước. )
    How would we feel if this would happen to our family?
    (Ta sẽ cảm thấy thế nào nếu điều này xảy ra đối với gia đình chúng ta? )

    8. If...'d have...' have dùng trong văn nói không dùng trong văn viết ,diễn đạt điều kiện không thể xảy ra trong quá khứ.
    Ví dụ: If I'd have known, I'd have told you
    If she'd have recognized him it would have benn funny

    9. If+ preposition+ noun/verb...(subject+ be bị lược bỏ)
    Ví dụ: If in doubt, ask for help (= if you are in doubt)
    If about to go on a long journey, try to have a good nichts sleep
    (=If you are about to go on...)

    10. If được dùng khá phổ biến với một số từ như " any/ anything/ever/ not " diễn đạt ý phủ định
    Ví dụ: I'm not angry. If anything, I feel a little surprised.
    (Tôi không giận dữ gì đâu. Mà trái lại tôi cảm thấy hơi ngạc nhiên.)
    -Thành ngữ này còn diễn đạt ý ướm thử: Nếu có...
    Ví dụ:
    I'd say he was more like a father, if anything
    (Tôi xin nói rằng ông ấy còn hơn cả một người cha, nếu có thể nói thế )
    He seldom if ever travel abroard.
    (Anh ta chả mấy khi đi ra nước ngoài.)
    Usually, if not always,we write "cannot" as one word.
    (Thông thương nhưng không phải là luôn luôn.)

    11. If+ Adjective= although (cho dù là )
    - Nghĩa không mạnh bằng althought - Dùng để diễn đạt quan điểm riêng hoặc vấn đề gì đó không quan trọng
    Ví dụ: His style, if simple, is pleasant to read.
    (Văn phong của ông ta,cho dù đơn giản, thì đọc cũng thú.)
    - Cấu trúc này có thể thay bằng may... , but
    Ví dụ: His style may be simple, but it is pleasant to read
     

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