Công nghệ AWS Cloud Computing Security Fundamentals

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AWS (Amazon Web Services) Cloud Computing provides a broad range of global cloud-based products including compute power, storage options, and networking capabilities. Here's an overview of the fundamentals:

1. Core Concepts

a. Cloud Computing :​

Cloud computing is the delivery of computing services over the internet (“the cloud”) to offer faster innovation, flexible resources, and economies of scale.

b. AWS Regions and Availability Zones :​

  • Regions : Geographically isolated areas that AWS uses to house its data centers. Each region has multiple, isolated locations known as Availability Zones (AZs).
  • Availability Zones : Distinct locations within a region engineered to be isolated from failures in other Availability Zones.

2. Key AWS Services

a. Compute :​

  • EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud) : Provides scalable virtual servers.
  • Lambda : Run code without provisioning or managing servers (serverless computing).
  • ECS (Elastic Container Service) and EKS (Elastic Kubernetes Service) : Manage containerized applications.

b. Storage :​

  • S3 (Simple Storage Service) : Scalable object storage for data backup and archiving.
  • EBS (Elastic Block Store) : Block storage volumes for use with EC2.
  • Glacier : Low-cost cloud storage service for data archiving and long-term backup.

c. Databases :​

  • RDS (Relational Database Service) : Managed relational database service supporting several database engines like MySQL, PostgreSQL, MariaDB, Oracle, and SQL Server.
  • DynamoDB : Managed NoSQL database service.
  • Redshift : Fully managed data warehouse service.

d. Networking :​

  • VPC (Virtual Private Cloud) : Lets you provide a logically isolated section of the AWS cloud.
  • Route 53 : Scalable domain name system (DNS) web service.
  • Direct Connect : Establish a dedicated network connection from your premises to AWS.

3. Security and Identity :​

  • IAM (Identity and Access Management) : Manage access to AWS services and resources securely.
  • KMS (Key Management Service) : Managed service that makes it easy to create and control the encryption keys used to encrypt your data.

4. Monitoring and Management :​

  • CloudWatch : Monitoring service for AWS cloud resources and the applications you run on AWS.
  • CloudTrail : Records AWS API calls for your account and delivers log files to an Amazon S3 bucket.

5. Deployment and Management Tools :​

  • CloudFormation : Service for provisioning AWS infrastructure as code.
  • Elastic Beanstalk : Platform as a Service (PaaS) for deploying and managing applications.
  • OpsWorks : Configuration management service that provides managed instances of Chef and Puppet.

6. Analytics :​

  • EMR (Elastic MapReduce) : Provides a managed Hadoop framework.
  • Kinesis : Platform for streaming data on AWS.
  • Athena : Interactive query service to analyze data in Amazon S3 using standard SQL.

7. Machine Learning and AI :​

  • SageMaker : Managed service to build, train, and deploy machine learning models.
  • Rekognition : Service that makes it easy to add image and video analysis to your applications.

8. Cost Management :​

  • Cost Explorer : Allows you to visualize, understand, and manage your AWS costs and usage over time.
  • AWS Budgets : Set custom cost and usage budgets and receive alerts when you exceed them.

Best Practices for Using AWS​

  • Architect for the cloud : Use AWS architecture best practices to build highly scalable and reliable applications.
  • Implement security best practices : Ensure robust security by using services like IAM, VPC, and AWS Config.
  • Optimize costs : Use tools like Cost Explorer and Trusted Advisor to monitor and reduce your AWS spend.
  • Automate and innovate : Leverage services like AWS Lambda, CloudFormation, and CodePipeline for automation and continuous integration/continuous deployment (CI/CD).

Getting Started​

  • AWS Free Tier : Offers free access to a limited set of AWS services for 12 months to help new customers get started.
  • AWS Documentation and Training : Extensive documentation and training resources are available to help you learn and use AWS services.

Conclusion​

AWS provides a comprehensive suite of services that enable businesses to scale and innovate with ease. Understanding the fundamentals of AWS cloud computing can help you make the most of its offerings and effectively manage your cloud infrastructure.
 
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